Sources and Contamination Characteristics of PAHs in Environmental Media in a Karst Underground River System


Material Information

Sources and Contamination Characteristics of PAHs in Environmental Media in a Karst Underground River System
Series Title:
Hydrogeology Journal
Lu, Li
Wang, Zhe
Pei, Jianguo
Springer Nature
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Pahs ( local )
Karst ( local )
Environmental Media ( local )
Contamination ( local )
China ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )


The aim of this study was to determine the sources and contamination characteristics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in various environmental media in a karst underground river system. For this purpose, air, underground river water, sediment, and soil samples were collected from a typical underground river in southern China in the dry and wet seasons of 2013–2014, and the compositional spectra, distribution, and ratio characteristics of 16 PAHs were determined for comparative analysis. The results show that three 2–3-ring PAHs (naphthalene, phenanthrene, and fluoranthene) mainly occur in air and underground river water. In sediments and soils, 4–6-ring PAHs are the main components. The PAH concentrations in the air in the wet season are clearly greater than those in the dry season, while it is the opposite in the underground water. Seasonal differences in the concentration of PAHs in the sediments and soils are minor. The concentrations of PAHs in the environmental media overall showed variation in the following order: upstream < midstream < downstream, and this is related to pollutant discharge, adsorption, etc. The main source of PAHs in the upstream area is the combustion of grass, wood, and coal, while it is petroleum in the midstream area, and combustion of grass, wood, coal, and petroleum near the outlet of the underground river. It is necessary to change the energy structure in the study area, improve the efficiency of environmental protection facilities, reduce the emission in vehicle exhaust, and control pollution by PAHs at their sources.
Original Version:
Hydrogeology Journal, Vol. 26, no. 7 (2018-06-20).

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