Genetic history of an archaic hominin group from Denisova Cave in Siberia

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Material Information

Title:
Genetic history of an archaic hominin group from Denisova Cave in Siberia
Series Title:
Nature
Creator:
Reich, David
Green, Richard E.
Kircher, Martin
Krause, Johannes
Patterson, Nick et al
Publisher:
Nature
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Archaeology ( local )
Comparative Genomics ( local )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )

Notes

Abstract:
Using DNA extracted from a finger bone found in Denisova Cave in southern Siberia, we have sequenced the genome of an archaic hominin to about 1.9-fold coverage. This individual is from a group that shares a common origin with Neanderthals. This population was not involved in the putative gene flow from Neanderthals into Eurasians; however, the data suggest that it contributed 4–6% of its genetic material to the genomes of present-day Melanesians. We designate this hominin population ‘Denisovans’ and suggest that it may have been widespread in Asia during the Late Pleistocene epoch. A tooth found in Denisova Cave carries a mitochondrial genome highly similar to that of the finger bone. This tooth shares no derived morphological features with Neanderthals or modern humans, further indicating that Denisovans have an evolutionary history distinct from Neanderthals and modern humans.
Original Version:
Nature, Vol. 468 (2010-12-23).

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University of South Florida
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This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.

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