A New Species of Subterranean Blind Salamander (Plethodontidae: Hemidactyliini: Eurycea: Typhlomolge) from Austin, Texas, and A Systematic Revision of Central Texas Paedomorphic Salamanders

Citation

Material Information

Title:
A New Species of Subterranean Blind Salamander (Plethodontidae: Hemidactyliini: Eurycea: Typhlomolge) from Austin, Texas, and A Systematic Revision of Central Texas Paedomorphic Salamanders
Series Title:
Herpetologica
Creator:
Hillis, David M.
Chamberlain, Dee Ann
Wilcox, Thomas P.
Chippindale, Paul T.
Publisher:
Allen Press
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Caudata ( local )
Plethodontidae ( local )
Hemidactyliini ( local )
Eurycea Waterlooensis ( local )
Blepsimolge ( local )
Notiomolge ( local )
Paedomolge ( local )
Septentriomolge ( local )
Typhlomolge ( local )
Eurycea ( local )
Endangered Species ( local )
Texas ( local )
Barton Spring ( local )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )

Notes

Abstract:
We describe a new species of salamander (Eurycea) from the Barton Springs segment of the Edwards Aquifer, Austin, Texas, USA. The new species is most closely related to Eurycea (Typhlomolge) rathbuni from subterranean waters around San Marcos, Texas, and like that species lacks external eyes and shows other morphological features associated with subterranean life. The new species is easily distinguished on the basis of morphology from all previously described species of salamanders, and in particular is easily distinguished from its closest relatives, E. (Typhlomolge) rathbuni and E. (Typhlomolge) robusta, as well as the sympatric E. sosorum. We used sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene to infer the phylogeny of described species of central Texas Eurycea, and these data support the major groups reported previously on the basis of other DNA and allozyme data. We also define names for the major clades of central Texas Eurycea.
Original Version:
Herpetologica, Vol. 57, no. 3 (2001).

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Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.

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