Middle pleistocene dental remains from Qesem Cave (Israel)

Citation

Material Information

Title:
Middle pleistocene dental remains from Qesem Cave (Israel)
Series Title:
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Creator:
Hershkovitz, Israel
Smith, Patricia
Sarig, Rachel
Quam, Rolf
Rodríguez, Laura
García, Rebeca
Arsuaga, Juan Luis
Barkai, Ran
Gopher, Avi
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Acheulo-Yabrudian ( local )
Homo Sapiens ( local )
Neanderthal ( local )
Tooth ( local )
Israel ( local )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )

Notes

Abstract:
This study presents a description and comparative analysis of Middle Pleistocene permanent and deciduous teeth from the site of Qesem Cave (Israel). All of the human fossils are assigned to the Acheulo‐Yabrudian Cultural Complex (AYCC) of the late Lower Paleolithic. The Middle Pleistocene age of the Qesem teeth (400–200 ka) places them chronologically earlier than the bulk of fossil hominin specimens previously known from southwest Asia. Three permanent mandibular teeth (C1‐P4) were found in close proximity in the lower part of the stratigraphic sequence. The small metric dimensions of the crowns indicate a considerable degree of dental reduction although the roots are long and robust. In contrast, three isolated permanent maxillary teeth (I2, C1, and M3) and two isolated deciduous teeth that were found within the upper part of the sequence are much larger and show some plesiomorphous traits similar to those of the Skhul/Qafzeh specimens. Although none of the Qesem teeth shows a suite of Neanderthal characters, a few traits may suggest some affinities with members of the Neanderthal evolutionary lineage. However, the balance of the evidence suggests a closer similarity with the Skhul/Qafzeh dental material, although many of these resemblances likely represent plesiomorphous features. Am J Phys Anthropol, 2011. © 2010 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.
Original Version:
American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Vol. 144, no. 4 (2010-12-23).

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University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.

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