The Holocene Archaeological Sequence of Shum Laka Rock Shelter (Grassfields, Western Cameroon)
- Permanent Link:
- The Holocene Archaeological Sequence of Shum Laka Rock Shelter (Grassfields, Western Cameroon)
- Series Title:
- African Archaeological Review
- Lavachery, Philippe
- Publication Date:
- English; French
- Subjects / Keywords:
- Cameroon Grassfields ( local )
Late Stone Age ( local )
Stone To Metal Age ( local )
Iron Age ( local )
Hunting ( local )
Aboriculture ( local )
- serial ( sobekcm )
- Until recently the Grassfields (western Cameroon), cradle of the Bantu languages, were an unknown zone from the archaeological point of view. The excavations of Shum Laka rock shelter by de Maret and his team brought the most complete sequence in West Africa, spanning the Late Pleistocene and the Holocene. After 20 millennia of microlithic tradition (Late Stone Age), a new culture, with macrolithic tools, polishing and pottery (Stone to Metal Age), slowly developed ca. 7000 B.P. onwards. From this early period on, forest hunting was associated with the exploitation of Canarium schweinfurthii. Around 4000 B.P., an industry with waisted axes, blades, and pottery had emerged. With a striking technological continuity, this culture survived throughout the Iron Age. Increasing importance and diversity of trees exploited through the â€œStone to Metal Ageâ€ and the Iron Age suggests â€œarboriculture.â€ Regional comparisons show that, between 5000 and 2500 B.P., an original culture developed in the Grassfields and the Cross River basin.
- Original Version:
- African Archaeological Review, Vol. 18, no. 4 (2001-12-01).
- Source Institution:
- University of South Florida Library
- Holding Location:
- University of South Florida
- Rights Management:
- This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.
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