Morphology and affinities of new hominin cranial remains from Member 4 of the Sterkfontein Formation, Gauteng Province, South Africa


Material Information

Morphology and affinities of new hominin cranial remains from Member 4 of the Sterkfontein Formation, Gauteng Province, South Africa
Series Title:
Journal of Human Evolution
Lockwood, Charles A.
Tobias, Phillip V.
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Australopithecus ( local )
Hominids ( local )
Systematics ( local )
Variation ( local )
Australopithecus Africanus ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )


Descriptions are provided of 27 hominin cranial specimens recovered from Member 4 of the Sterkfontein Formation between 1968 and 1994. Provisional statements of taxonomic affinity are given. The principal conclusion of this overview is that the bulk of the cranial remains from Member 4 are attributable to Australopithecus africanus or are consistent with the anatomy of that species, while some others are indeterminate. No specimen can be assigned confidently to a known species other than A. africanus. However, two specimens document the possibility that a second, possibly new species is represented among the Member 4 hominins, although such a species is difficult to characterize on cranial evidence alone.
Original Version:
Journal of Human Evolution, Vol. 42, no. 4 (2002-04).

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