Bats: Important Reservoir Hosts of Emerging Viruses
- Permanent Link:
- Bats: Important Reservoir Hosts of Emerging Viruses
- Series Title:
- Clinical Micrpbiology Reviews
- Calisher, Charles H.
Childs, James E.
Field, Hume E.
Holmes, Kathryn V.
- Publication Date:
- Subjects / Keywords:
- Bats ( local )
Reservoir Hosts ( local )
Viruses ( local )
Flying Foxes ( local )
- serial ( sobekcm )
- Bats (order Chiroptera, suborders Megachiroptera [â€œflying foxesâ€] and Microchiroptera) are abundant, diverse, and geographically widespread. These mammals provide us with resources, but their importance is minimized and many of their populations and species are at risk, even threatened or endangered. Some of their characteristics (food choices, colonial or solitary nature, population structure, ability to fly, seasonal migration and daily movement patterns, torpor and hibernation, life span, roosting behaviors, ability to echolocate, virus susceptibility) make them exquisitely suitable hosts of viruses and other disease agents. Bats of certain species are well recognized as being capable of transmitting rabies virus, but recent observations of outbreaks and epidemics of newly recognized human and livestock diseases caused by viruses transmitted by various megachiropteran and microchiropteran bats have drawn attention anew to these remarkable mammals. This paper summarizes information regarding chiropteran characteristics and information regarding 66 viruses that have been isolated from bats. From these summaries, it is clear that we do not know enough about bat biology; we are doing too little in terms of bat conservation; and there remain a multitude of questions regarding the role of bats in disease emergence.
- Original Version:
- Clinical Micrpbiology Reviews, Vol. 19, no. 3 (2006).
- Source Institution:
- University of South Florida Library
- Holding Location:
- University of South Florida
- Rights Management:
- This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.
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