Close Relative of Human Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus in Bat, South Africa


Material Information

Close Relative of Human Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus in Bat, South Africa
Series Title:
Emerging Infectious Diseases
Hashemi-Shahraki, Abdolrazagh
Heidarieh, Parvin
Azarpira, Samira
Shojaei, Hasan
Hashemzadeh, Mohammad
Tortoli, Enrico
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Close Relative ( local )
Human ( local )
Middle East ( local )
Respiratory Syndrome ( local )
Coronavirus ( local )
Bats ( local )
South Africa ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )


The severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak of 2002–03 and the subsequent implication of bats as reservoir hosts of the causative agent, a coronavirus (CoV), prompted numerous studies of bats and the viruses they harbor. A novel clade 2c betacoronavirus, termed Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)–CoV, was recently identified as the causative agent of a severe respiratory disease that is mainly affecting humans on the Arabian Peninsula (1). Extending on previous work (2), we described European Pipistrellus bat–derived CoVs that are closely related to MERS-CoV (3). We now report the identification of a South Africa bat derived CoV that has an even closer phylogenetic relationship with MERS-CoV.
Original Version:
Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol. 19, no. 10 (2013-10).

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