Les dÃ©buts du PalÃ©olithique supÃ©rieur dans l'Est des Balkans. RÃ©flexion Ã partir de l'Ã©tude taphonomique et techno-Ã©conomique des ensembles lithiques des sites de Bacho Kiro (couche 11), Temnata (couches VI et 4) et Kozarnika (niveau VII)
- Permanent Link:
- Les débuts du Paléolithique supérieur dans l'Est des Balkans. Réflexion à partir de l'étude taphonomique et techno-économique des ensembles lithiques des sites de Bacho Kiro (couche 11), Temnata (couches VI et 4) et Kozarnika (niveau VII)
- Tsnova, Tsenka
- Publication Date:
- Subjects / Keywords:
- Ahmarian ( local )
Aurignacian ( local )
Bacho-Kirian ( local )
Baradostian ( local )
Later Stone Age ( local )
Cultural Modernity ( local )
Middle Stone Age ( local )
Prehistory ( local )
Lithic Taphonomie ( local )
Lithic Technology ( local )
Middle/Upper Transition ( local )
- serial ( sobekcm )
- The subject of this work, â€œThe debut of the Upper Paleolithic in the East Balkans: A taphonomic and techoeconomic analysis of Bacho Kiro (level 11), Temnata (levels VI and 4) and Kozarnika (layer VII)â€, presents a thorough documentation and critical analysis of these three important sites located in northern Bulgaria. The archaeological assemblages studied, dated by 14C to between 45 and 32 kyr, have been at the core of discussions concerning the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition which witnessed the disappearance of the Neanderthals and the dispersal of the first anatomically modern humans into Europe. Situated between the Near East and Europe, these Balkan sites would have played a crucial role in the passage of these early anatomically modern human groups into western Europe. Furthermore, these sites are often interpreted as representing the oldest manifestations of the Aurignacian (Bacho-Kirian), a techno-complex traditionally associated with the arrival of early modern humans and considered as the first Upper Paleolithic techno-complex whose distinct character would have been established â€˜on route' towards the west. The aim of this study is to test this model, accepted by many researchers for over 20 years, based on a consideration of new evidence and a thorough re-analysis of relevant older material. An integration of the lithic assemblages from Bacho Kiro and Temnata as part of the technological innovations and marked variability of the end of the Central European and Near Eastern Middle Paleolithic is favored over their traditional association or attribution with or to the â€˜Aurignacian'. The third site considered within the framework of this study, and still in the course of excavation, has produced a novel bladelet industry previously unknown in the Balkan region. This industry, known as the Kozarnikian ancien and up until recently consider more readily comparable with the Gravettian, strongly differs from Bacho Kiro and Temnata, most notably in the production of bladelets intended to be employed in
- Source Institution:
- University of South Florida Library
- Holding Location:
- University of South Florida
- Rights Management:
- This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.
No images or PDF downloads are available for this resource.
Cras ut cursus ante, a fringilla nunc. Mauris lorem nunc, cursus sit amet enim ac, vehicula vestibulum mi. Mauris viverra nisl vel enim faucibus porta. Praesent sit amet ornare diam, non finibus nulla.
Cras efficitur magna et sapien varius, luctus ullamcorper dolor convallis. Orci varius natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Fusce sit amet justo ut erat laoreet congue sed a ante.
Phasellus ornare in augue eu imperdiet. Donec malesuada sapien ante, at vehicula orci tempor molestie. Proin vitae urna elit. Pellentesque vitae nisi et diam euismod malesuada aliquet non erat.
Nunc fringilla dolor ut dictum placerat. Proin ac neque rutrum, consectetur ligula id, laoreet ligula. Nulla lorem massa, consectetur vitae consequat in, lobortis at dolor. Nunc sed leo odio.