The microbiology of Lascaux Cave

Citation

Material Information

Title:
The microbiology of Lascaux Cave
Series Title:
MICROBIOLOGY
Creator:
Bastian, F.
Jurado, V.
Nováková, A.
Alabouvette, C.
Saiz-Jimenez, C.
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Lascaux Cave ( local )
Microbial Communities ( local )
Biocide Selection ( local )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )

Notes

Abstract:
Lascaux Cave (Montignac, France) contains paintings from the Upper Paleolithic period. Shortly after its discovery in 1940, the cave was seriously disturbed by major destructive interventions. In 1963, the cave was closed due to algal growth on the walls. In 2001, the ceiling, walls and sediments were colonized by the fungus Fusarium solani. Later, black stains, probably of fungal origin, appeared on the walls. Biocide treatments, including quaternary ammonium derivatives, were extensively applied for a few years, and have been in use again since January 2008. The microbial communities in Lascaux Cave were shown to be composed of human-pathogenic bacteria and entomopathogenic fungi, the former as a result of the biocide selection. The data show that fungi play an important role in the cave, and arthropods contribute to the dispersion of conidia. A careful study on the fungal ecology is needed in order to complete the cave food web and to control the black stains threatening the Paleolithic paintings.
Original Version:
MICROBIOLOGY, Vol. 156, no. 3 (2010-03-01).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.

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University of South Florida
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