Regressive evolution in Astyanax cavefish

Citation

Material Information

Title:
Regressive evolution in Astyanax cavefish
Series Title:
Annual Review of Genetics
Creator:
Jeffery, William R.
Publisher:
Annual Reviews
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Eye Degeneration ( local )
Loss Of Pigmentation ( local )
Albinism ( local )
Development ( local )
Genetics ( local )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )

Notes

Abstract:
A diverse group of animals, including members of most major phyla, have adapted to life in the perpetual darkness of caves. These animals are united by the convergence of two regressive phenotypes, loss of eyes and pigmentation. The mechanisms of regressive evolution are poorly understood. The teleost Astyanax mexicanus is of special significance in studies of regressive evolution in cave animals. This species includes an ancestral surface dwelling form and many con-specific cave-dwelling forms, some of which have evolved their recessive phenotypes independently. Recent advances in Astyanax development and genetics have provided new information about how eyes and pigment are lost during cavefish evolution; namely, they have revealed some of the molecular and cellular mechanisms involved in trait modification, the number and identity of the underlying genes and mutations, the molecular basis of parallel evolution, and the evolutionary forces driving adaptation to the cave environment.
Original Version:
Annual Review of Genetics, Vol. 43 (2009-07-29).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.

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