Hydrogeological characteristics of some deep siphonal springs in Serbia and Montenegro karst

Citation

Material Information

Title:
Hydrogeological characteristics of some deep siphonal springs in Serbia and Montenegro karst
Series Title:
Environmental Geology
Creator:
Milanović, Saša
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Karst ( local )
Karstic Spring ( local )
Deep Siphonal Spring ( local )
Cave Diving ( local )
Montenegro ( local )
Serbia ( local )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )

Notes

Abstract:
In terms of hydrogeological, engineering-geological, and hydrotechnical tapping in karst in relation to ground waters, karst channels, springs and ponors, speleodiving is the only research method which enables direct observation, studying and exact geological mapping of karst channels and caverns. Data collected during speleodiving research contribute considerably to the analysis of karst evolution process in the given region, which is very important in evaluating the depth of karstification and determining the main direction of the groundwater flow. In the past 30 years in Serbia and Montenegro, speleodivers have investigated over 40 siphonal springs, active cave channels and ponors, of which more than 20 are proof of deep siphonal circulation in karstic aquifers. The karstic springs are the most interesting phenomenon from a hydrogeological view point, and their investigations need particular attention. Most of significant karstic springs are on the rims of erosion basins—perimeters of karst poljes, river valleys, sea coasts and contact areas between karst aquifers and hydrogeological barriers. General characteristics of the spring regime are the direct correlation between precipitation and spring discharge. Moreover, the hydrogeological regime of these springs also depends on the size of the catchment area, karstic aquifer retardation capacity, total porosity, as well as lithological and structural characteristics.
Original Version:
Environmental Geology, Vol. 51 (2007).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.

USFLDC Membership

Aggregations:
University of South Florida
Karst Information Portal

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serial

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