Investigation Of Methods In Fluorescent Dye Extraction From Activated Charcoal For Use In Dye Tracing

Citation

Material Information

Title:
Investigation Of Methods In Fluorescent Dye Extraction From Activated Charcoal For Use In Dye Tracing
Series Title:
Bulletin of the South Texas Geological Society
Creator:
Blaise Kirkendall, Alyssa
Gao, Dr. Yongli
Schindel, Geary
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Bulletin ( local )
News ( local )
Business ( local )
Edu ( local )
Fashion ( local )
Recent ( local )
Life ( local )
Music ( local )
Technology ( local )
Travel ( local )
Web Design ( local )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )

Notes

Abstract:
Dye tracing in water is a powerful tool used by hydrologists to determine groundwater flow paths, time-of-travel, and potential contaminant transport mechanisms in karst. This thesis tested the effectiveness of common eluents used to extract fluorescent dye absorbed by activated charcoal used in dye tracing. The objective was to test laboratory methods of dye extraction from charcoal to determine the reliability of charcoal and optimize processing methods for use in dye tracing studies. Two hypotheses were formulated and tested: 1) charcoal use in dye tracing is an effective and reliable method for obtaining data; and 2) eluted dye samples can be stored for at least one month with minimal change in concentration. Elution solutions and methods for the analysis of charcoal for dyes varies widely in practice and in literature. There are no “standard methods” for dye analysis between different laboratories. Field work and laboratory testing were performed to better understand some of these eluents and how they affect the dye elution process. The eluents tested were solutions of 2-propanol and sodium hydroxide (Eluent A), 2-propanol, aqua ammonia, and potassium hydroxide (Eluent B), and 2-propanol with potassium hydroxide (Eluent C). A tracer test was performed between Joe’s Diet Cave and Cave Without a Name near the city of Boerne in Kendall County, Texas using uranine dye. Samples were taken using charcoal packets, automatic water samplers, and hand samples. The results found a flow velocity of approximately 0.18 km/day between the two caves. This value agreed with a previous study. Laboratory data were collected by pumping solutions of five different dyes through packets of activated charcoal. Dye was extracted from charcoal using an eluent and analyzed with a luminescence spectrometer. Based on laboratory analyses, it was concluded that the extraction of dye from charcoal cannot be completely relied on to determine whether dye was detected in a specific location. It was also determined that long-term storage of
Original Version:
Bulletin of the South Texas Geological Society, Vol. 60 (2020-04-01).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.

USFLDC Membership

Aggregations:
University of South Florida
Karst Information Portal

Postcard Information

Format:
serial

printinsert_linkshareget_appmore_horiz

Download Options

close

No images or PDF downloads are available for this resource.


Cite this item close

APA

Cras ut cursus ante, a fringilla nunc. Mauris lorem nunc, cursus sit amet enim ac, vehicula vestibulum mi. Mauris viverra nisl vel enim faucibus porta. Praesent sit amet ornare diam, non finibus nulla.

MLA

Cras efficitur magna et sapien varius, luctus ullamcorper dolor convallis. Orci varius natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Fusce sit amet justo ut erat laoreet congue sed a ante.

CHICAGO

Phasellus ornare in augue eu imperdiet. Donec malesuada sapien ante, at vehicula orci tempor molestie. Proin vitae urna elit. Pellentesque vitae nisi et diam euismod malesuada aliquet non erat.

WIKIPEDIA

Nunc fringilla dolor ut dictum placerat. Proin ac neque rutrum, consectetur ligula id, laoreet ligula. Nulla lorem massa, consectetur vitae consequat in, lobortis at dolor. Nunc sed leo odio.