Sinkholes and their impacts on karst hydrogeology in a peatland complex of Northern Ontario, Canada

Citation

Material Information

Title:
Sinkholes and their impacts on karst hydrogeology in a peatland complex of Northern Ontario, Canada
Series Title:
Carbonates and Evaporites
Creator:
Dong, Shuning
Wang, Hao
Zhou, Wanfang
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Karst Hydrogeology ( local )
Peatland Complex ( local )
Bioherm ( local )
Isostatic Uplift ( local )
Glacial Scouring ( local )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )

Notes

Abstract:
Pliocene glaciations, post-glacial Tyrrell Sea deposition, peatland formation, and continuous isostatic uplift have created a unique environment for karst development on the Paleozoic carbonate rocks within the James Bay Lowland of Canada. Four types of sinkhole and two karst hydrogeological systems have been recognized in the study area. The hydrogeologically active karst system consists of solution sinkholes, solutionally enlarged fractures, and collapse sinkholes that have developed after the area emerged from the Tyrrell Sea approximately 4400 years ago. The active karst system encompasses the exposed reefal limestone of the Silurian Attawapiskat Formation along the Attawapiskat River and Nayshkootayaow River and isolated bioherms that protrude above the surrounding flat but poorly drained peatland between the two major rivers. The second karst system is in the form of paleokarst formed in the underlying limestone but buried beneath the peat and marine sediments. Although these buried sinkholes were only visible at excavation sites where these features were exposed, it is likely that they underlie most of the study area. Another form of paleokarst is the Bedrock Trench that cut through most of the Paleozoic formation to a depth of approximately 200 m. The bedrock trench encompassed an area of more than 3 km2, was filled with unconsolidated materials, and did not have strong hydraulic connections to the active karst system. Formation mechanism of this bedrock trench is inconclusive but may result from polygenetic processes including glacial scouring and bedrock dissolution. Recognition of these two karst systems helps understand potential hydrogeological changes in response to continuous isostatic uplift and dewatering activities in this region.
Original Version:
Carbonates and Evaporites, Vol. 35 (2020-05-12).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.

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University of South Florida
Karst Information Portal

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