Sinkhole Formation by Groundwater Withdrawal: Far West Rand, South Africa

Citation

Material Information

Title:
Sinkhole Formation by Groundwater Withdrawal: Far West Rand, South Africa
Series Title:
Science
Creator:
Foose, Richard M.
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Sinkhole Formation ( local )
Groundwater Withdrawal ( local )
Far West Rand, South Africa ( local )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )

Notes

Abstract:
Sinkholes up to 125 meters wide and 50 meters deep have developed catastrophically in thick unconsolidated debris above pinnacle-weathered dolomite after lowering of the groundwater surface by at least 160 meters. They are caused by shrinkage of desiccated debris, downward migration of debris into bedrock openings, and upward growth of multiple debris "caverns" by roof spalling.
Original Version:
Science, Vol. 157, no. 3792 (1967-09-01).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.

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serial

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