Late survival of Neanderthals at the southernmost extreme of Europe


Material Information

Late survival of Neanderthals at the southernmost extreme of Europe
Series Title:
Finlayson, Clive
Pacheco, Francisco Giles
Rodríguez-Vidal, Joaquín
Fa, Darren A.
Gutierrez López, José María
Santiago Pérez, Antonio
Finlayson, Geraldine
Allue, Ethel
Baena Preysler, Javier
Cáceres, Isabel
Carrión, José S.
Fernández Jalvo, Yolanda
Gleed-Owen, Christopher P.
Jimenez Espejo, Francisco J.
López, Pilar
López Sáez, José Antonio
Riquelme Cantal, José Antonio
Sánchez Marco, Antonio
Giles Guzman, Francisco
Brown, Kimberly
Fuentes, Noemí
Valarino, Claire A.
Villalpando, Antonio
Stringer, Christopher B.
Martinez Ruiz, Francisca
Sakamoto, Tatsuhiko
Springer Nature
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
1 online resource


Subjects / Keywords:
Neanderthals ( lcsh )
Caves ( lcsh )
Excavations (Archaeology) ( lcsh )
serial ( sobekcm )
Europe -- Gibraltar


The late survival of archaic hominin populations and their long contemporaneity with modern humans is now clear for southeast Asia1. In Europe the extinction of the Neanderthals, firmly associated with Mousterian technology, has received much attention, and evidence of their survival after 35 kyr bp has recently been put in doubt2. Here we present data, based on a high-resolution record of human occupation from Gorham’s Cave, Gibraltar, that establish the survival of a population of Neanderthals to 28 kyr bp. These Neanderthals survived in the southernmost point of Europe, within a particular physiographic context, and are the last currently recorded anywhere. Our results show that the Neanderthals survived in isolated refuges well after the arrival of modern humans in Europe.
Original Version:
Volume 443
General Note:
4 p.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-05478 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26-5478 ( USFLDC Handle )

USFLDC Membership

University of South Florida
Karst Information Portal

Postcard Information



Download Options

No images are available for this item.
Cite this item close


Cras ut cursus ante, a fringilla nunc. Mauris lorem nunc, cursus sit amet enim ac, vehicula vestibulum mi. Mauris viverra nisl vel enim faucibus porta. Praesent sit amet ornare diam, non finibus nulla.


Cras efficitur magna et sapien varius, luctus ullamcorper dolor convallis. Orci varius natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Fusce sit amet justo ut erat laoreet congue sed a ante.


Phasellus ornare in augue eu imperdiet. Donec malesuada sapien ante, at vehicula orci tempor molestie. Proin vitae urna elit. Pellentesque vitae nisi et diam euismod malesuada aliquet non erat.


Nunc fringilla dolor ut dictum placerat. Proin ac neque rutrum, consectetur ligula id, laoreet ligula. Nulla lorem massa, consectetur vitae consequat in, lobortis at dolor. Nunc sed leo odio.