Intercom


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Intercom

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Title:
Intercom
Series Title:
Intercom
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National Speleological Society (Iowa Grotto)
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National Speleological Society (Iowa Grotto)
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Language:
English

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Regional Speleology ( local )
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Newsletter
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United States

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Intercom is a publication of the Iowa Grotto of the National Speleological Society, Inc., an internal organization of the National Speleological Society (NSS). The Iowa Grotto, is dedicated to the exploration, study, and conservation of caves.
Original Version:
Volume 52, Number 6 (November - December 2016).
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Open Access - Permission by Publisher

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University of South Florida
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University of South Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
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K26-05507 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.5507 ( USFLDC Handle )

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University of South Florida
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I N T E R C O M Volume 52, Issue 6 November December 2016 Iowa Grotto P.O. Box 228 Iowa City, IA 52244 Grotto Website: www.caves.org/grotto/iowa Coldwater Cave Project website: http://www.caves.org/project/ coldwater Membership Dues : due January 1, $15.00 per year, includes INTERCOM and Hotline subscriptions. INTERCOM subscriptions only are $13.00 per year. The Iowa Grotto reserves the right to decline membership during or after a probationary period. Due Dates : for submission of material for publication in the next INTERCOM is March 1st. Send material for publication, e mail, disk or hard copy to: Editor and Typist: Scott Dankof 515 986 3219 410 SW Hickory Circle Grimes IA. 50111 E mail sdankof@msn.com Coordinate photographs for publication in the INTERCOM with Scott Dankof, the INTERCOM editor. Cave Rescue : Contact the Kentucky Disaster and Emergency Services Central Dispatch at 502 564 7815 for cave emergencies only in the NCRC Central Region of Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, and Wisconsin. Iowa Grotto Meetings : are the fourth Wednesday of each month, third Wednesday in December at 7:30 p.m. in Room 125 or thereabouts of Trowbridge Hall on the campus of the University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa. Cover Photo: Downstream formations in Coldwater Cave, Iowa. Photo by Scott Dankof. National Speleological Society P. O. Box 228 Iowa City, Iowa 52244 Chairman Ed Klausner Vice Chairman/Treasurer John Donahue Secretary Elizabeth Miller Volume 52 Issue 6 ______________C O N T E N T S _____________ Meeting Minutes 122 Trip reports: Three Forks Cave 122 Ridgewalking Buffalo River 124 Toga Cave 125 Cecil Creek Cave 126 Lost Valley Ridge Caves 127 Toga Cave 128 121

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__________CALENDAR___________ March Grotto Meeting March 22nd Room 125, 7:30 pm, Trowbridge Hall. April Grotto Meeting April 26th Room 125, 7:30 pm, Trowbridge Hall. May Grotto Meeting May 24th Room 125, 7:30 pm, Trowbridge Hall. June Grotto Meeting June 28th Room 125, 7:30 pm, Trowbridge Hall. Annual Grotto Picnic The grotto picnic will be the first weekend in August with caving on August 5th. There will be a flyer once plans are finalized and it will have directions to the camping area and more information on the caves. Minutes of the Iowa Grotto Regular Meeting November 16, 2016 The regular meeting was called to order by Chairman Ed Klausner at 7:38 PM. Six members were present. Prior to the meeting, Ed Klausner showed slides on surveying and cave monitoring from an October trip to the Ozarks in Arkansas with a number of cavers, including grotto members Mark Jones and Elizabeth Miller. The minutes of the October meeting were read and approved as corrected. There is $5625.77 in the general fund, 115.85 in the Coldwater fund and $92 in petty cash. Trip reports: Ed reported on a CRF trip to the Ozarks during his slide presentation. Mike Lace, Chris Beck, Jordan Kjome and long time member Mike Nelson and were also in Arkansas immediately before the other group. One of their projects was removing structures from Diamond Cavern, a former show cave. New Business: The existing slate of officers (Ed Klausner, John Donahue and Elizabeth Miller) will continue to hold office in 2017. Future Trips: The vertical trip to Willard cave was postponed. Members will be notified when it is rescheduled. Coldwater Cave trips are scheduled for the third weekend of each month. A number of people have expressed interest in the December trip. A film crew will be visiting Coldwater in the spring and the Iowa Naturalists are interested in visiting in August. We have not heard about upcoming caving in Mystery Cave in Minnesota. Caving out of the area includes MVOR in early April, Speleofest at the Memorial Day weekend, the NSS convention at Rio Rancho, New Mexico in June and the National Cave and Karst Management Symposium in Eureka Springs, AR October 16 20. Science Committee: Jackson County was unable to use the offered grant money for equipment. Other Business: Ed Klausner circulated the Ozarks biologic inventory guide, a spiral bound publication with heavy laminated pages. A number of members showed interest in producing a similar document for Iowa. The meeting was adjourned at 8:30 PM. No December Grotto Meeting __________Trip Reports__________ Three Forks Cave Adair County, Oklahoma December 13, 2016 By Mark Jones I returned to Oklahoma to continue the survey of Three Forks Cave along with the landowners Clayton and Cynthia Russell. Since the current map is outdated I wanted to resurvey the cave to produce a more accurate and detailed map. Hiking up the hill we soon arrived at the Washtub Entrance where our survey began at 9:15 a.m. Cynthia conducted the bio inventory, Clay was on point setting stations and I read instruments and kept book. A three foot square hole in the bluff morphed into a dusty, low, wide bellycrawl that quickly dropped into a tall canyon passage. One of the venture but soon returned to the entrance and waited for us to exit. The ceiling is defined by a sandstone cap that kept the roof smooth and forma122

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tion free. The major canyon passages in Three Forks Cave averages five feet wide and from fourteen to twenty feet high. Most of the survey was in very agreeable cave with only a few uncomfortable spots. This is not to say that it was an easy survey. Two convoluted junction rooms certainly kept us on our toes. In fact the Grand Junction had seven passages radiating out in all directions. While four spokes had going passage, three of the branches terminated in high breakdown slopes. Three drains were noted in this area with one being an enterable gravelly crawl. Following the canyon to the southfall Junction where we turned south east for a few shots before tying off for the day. Rather than retrace our steps Clayton suggested that we simply exit through the Submarine Entrance which was closer. He got no argument from me and within ten minutes we were hit by a blast of cold wind. Total cave time was nine hours to the week. Cave fauna observed included two dozen healthy pipistrelles or tri colored bats ( Perimyotis subflavus ), two Oklahoma salamanders ( Eurycea tynerensis ), a couple larval salamanders ( Eurycea sp.), a few camel crickets ( Ceuthophilus gracilipes ), six orb weavers ( Meta ovalis ), some flies ( Diptera sp.), two aquatic isopods ( Caecidotea sp.) as well as some Eastern woodrat ( Neotoma floridana ) scat. Three Forks Cave December 14, 2016 For the second day at Three Forks Cave, Cynthia bowed out and we (Clayton Russell and me) gained Dennis Novicky. Our goal for this trip would be to survey from the Submarine Entrance and tie into our last station (T34) from yesterday. Once again we were accompanied by the same cat that followed us into the Washtub Entrance. Today Dennis was on point and read backsights, Clayton was on tape and I read foresights and kept book. Thirty feet inside we were past the gate and into a breakdown room fifty foot wide by a hundred feet long. It took a good deal of time to sketch this part of the cave. At the south end of this room is the crawlway to the Breathing Entrance but we opted to stick with the main passage. Continuing southwest another eighty feet in a roomy canyon took us to Station T34. We mopped up an eighty foot canyon to the southeast before a short crawl to the Parachute Formation Room. A beautiful twelve foot tall alabaster flowstone mound dominated this area. A few more shots and we had this section of the cave inventoried. Next we returned to Grand Junction to start surveying toward the Muddy Maze. At first the canyon was pretty straightforward trending to the changed. Suddenly there were five major passages and four minor ones! In addition these passages would crisscross, connect and then angle off. I named this area The Roundhouse. Focusing on reaching the Gargoyle Room we stuck to a main artery to the northeast that took us to the Little accomplishments we tied off in the middle of the room and packed up. ToCave fauna observed included twenty healthy pipistrelles or tri colored bats ( Perimyotis subflavus ), two cave salamanders ( Eurycea lucifuga ), a couple larval salamanders ( Eurycea sp.), a dozen camel crickets ( Ceuthophilus gracilipes ), a dozen orb weavers ( Meta ovalis ), some flies ( Diptera sp.) as well as some Eastern woodrat ( Neotoma floridana ) scat. The most unusual find was not one, not two but three field mice! 123

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Three Forks Cave December 15, 2016 For the third day at Three Forks Cave, Dennis Novicky and I started by surveying four passages in The Roundhouse before Clayton Russell joined us to survey in Little Junction. First we surveyed a forty foot low crawl with two bear beds off to the east before heading to the Gargoyle Room. Several secondary passages were noted but bypassed to insure that we reached the Gargoyle Entrance. Seventy feet from the Little Junction we passed under a huge slab of ceiling breakdown cantilevered over the passage. This earned it the name The Hanging Rock of Death. The roomy canyon gave us no pause as we racked up the footage and moved on. One canyon abruptly ended in a breakdown slope that pinched out at the ceiling. Once in The Gargoyle Room it took me a while to sketch so Dennis and Clay climbed up to investigate the balcony crawl that spanned the passages. Rather than attempt to survey this area we opted to continue toward The Gargoyle Entrance. Leaving the canyon we entered a four foot high ceiling cross joint that was fifty feet wide. Ahead was a critter entrance that was eight feet wide but only four inch high. In this room the floor was covered in leaf debris. We finished the survey in a ceiling breakdown collapse that butted up to two other passages that terminated in breakdown collapses. In fact when the numbers less than ten feet separating these three passages. The survey total for to getting Three Forks Cave resurveyed! Ridgewalking Buffalo River Newton County, Arkansas December 16, 2016 By Mark Jones Dennis Novicky and I arrived around noon and with plenty of daylight remaining we packed up to scout the National Buffalo River downstream from the Steel Creek Campground. I had planned to conduct a vertical recon of the bluffline for a Saturday trip taken a better look with the leaves off of the trees. The potential entrances from November now looked a lot like dark staining rather than cave leads. Since Kayla Sapkota had given us a packet of caving options we simply continued downstream along the left some potential leads and climbed up to the base of the bluff to investigate. Shallow shelters dotted the ventory until I found an area where the bluff overhang extended seventy feet with a depth of twenty feet. About this time we heard a bloodcurdling scream from across the river. Evidently a couple of feral hogs were having a disagreement. Immediately we christened the shelter Screaming Hog. For the survey Dennis read instruments and I took photos, recorded the GPS location and sketched. No signs of cave fauna were found. Addendum: Upon returning to Steel Creek we discovered that this was previously named No Name Shelter, a rather Screaming Hog for another time. A hundred feet down the bluff we found an interesting opening with deteriorating cave formations at the dripline. Unfortunately it only extended a mere five feet back but we noted that the entrance was covered in a mossy coating so we named this karst feature Mossy Point. A GPS location and pictures were taken at this site. No cave fauna were discovered here. Ten minutes later we located another significant shelter with a thirty three foot wide mouth that pinched down in twenty four feet to the back of the cave. We recorded the GPS location, took pictures and called this Balcony Shelter. Once again there was no cave fauna seen. 124

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Within a couple hundred feet we saw Toga Arch, a sixteen foot high bridge plus a small, rocky twenty foot crawlway directly behind it. A high lead was noted but left for another trip. A GPS location was taken at this site and photographs were taken. Our monitoring resulted in a grand total of no cave fauna. Sixty feet from Toga Arch was Sandthe day. We did not monitor this cave but did photograph the entrance and acquire a GPS location. Just downslope of Toga Cave I found a single pipistrelle or tri colored bat ( Perimyotis subflavus ) in a little eight foot diameter cavelet. Toga Cave Newton County, Arkansas December 16, 2016 By Mark Jones Around the corner from Sandstone Cave and slightly up the hill in a rock outcropping was the four foot wide by three foot high entrance to Toga Cave. For this survey Dennis was on point and took backsights while I read foresights and kept book. In addition I recorded the GPS location and took photographs. The cave map from 1978 depicted the cave running at 30° for a hundred feet of canyon passage with a couple of interesting pits along the way. Twenty five feet inside the dripline we reached the first pit which dropped twenty feet to a lower level. Since we continued hugging the sandstone cap ceiling for another forty feet to the second pit. This time Dennis was able to chimney down to the bottom. In this area we found a National Park Service (N.P.S.) cave registry canister with pencils but no paper. Dennis signed us using some survey paper in while I sketched the area. From this point it was forty feet across the middle of a forty foot high canyon to the back of the known cave. Here it pinched down to less than a foot high ceiling that appears to end in a breakdown choke. While Dennis lamented the abrupt termination of the cave I put the finishing touches on the map. As I glanced up the wall I noticed a three foot gap in the ceiling over our last station. checking this lead out and knew we had more cave when I heard him give a big whoop. Five minutes later he reported that there were three rooms with over two hundred feet of going passage! With this new found knowledge we decided to pack it in for the day and hike back to the Steel Creek Campground. Total cave footage was postulated all sorts of potential for the new discovery. Toga Cave December 17, 2016 After checking the cave files for more information we were better prepared for our second day in Toga Cave. Our plan was to have Dennis Novicky and Brandon Van Dalsem check out the pits using vertical gear while Krista Bartel and I would start surveying the new discovery in the back of the canyon. With the temperatures expected to drop significantly as the day progressed we were out the door at 8:30 a.m. to take advantage of the nice weather. Having just hiked out to Toga Cave yesterday we were able to make a beeline along the left bank of the Buffalo River to just below Toga Arch and cut across the base of the bluff to the entrance slope. Here Dennis and Brandon rigged for their drop and Krista and I headed to the back of the canyon passage. At Station T5 we started our survey with Krista setting stations and reading backsights and me shooting foresights, keeping book and taking photographs. Zigzagging up into the canyon we were soon in a sandy crawl that dropped down into stoopwalking passage. This would be a totally different survey from the canyon pasthe integrity of the rock was so low 125

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that I was apprehensive about where I put my hands and feet. Nothing was what it seemed to be the large rocks would crumble when we climbed over them, the handholds disintegrated when we touched them and the floor fell apart with just one pass. Eventually we adapted to the situaone point Krista was laughing hysterically when the rock I was standing on fell to pieces. She commented that I looked like a circus elephant balancing on a dwindling platform. station was on a rock formation resembling an elephant. It took eleven which included three rooms and one loop. twenty foot pit which will require vertical gear remains to be explored. I named this area The Sand Trap. When we reached the end of the third room the remaining lead was an easy ceiling squeeze that was expected to pinch out. I figured wrong when Krista announced we had broken into another canyon passage with up to 36 feet of vertical relief! The sandstone ceiling was level while the floor gradually angled down from three feet to ten feet. Unfortunately just twenty five feet into the canyon the floor dropped twenty feet vertically. Climbing gear and rope will be necessary to exploit beyond this point. A Disto shot down the lot of questions to answer before we wrap up this lead. We were surprised that the boys didwere assumed to be blind. When we returned to the entrance canyon we saw their lights up ahead. Their trip was just as interesting with over sixty feet of lower passage with three thirty foot domes! Cave fauna: Over the past two days trelles or tri colored bats ( Perimyotis subflavus ), a Western slimy salamander ( Plethodon albagula or glutinosus ), two Ozark zigzag salamanders ( Plethodon angusticlavius ), a smattering of camel crickets ( Ceuthophilus gracilipes ) and a few orb weavers ( Meta ovalis ). Cecil Creek Caves Newton County, Arkansas December 18, 2016 By Mark Jones With temperatures in the single digdering far from the vehicles so Dennis Novicky, Jimmy Gore and I decided to go survey and monitor around Fitton Spring Cave on Cecil Creek. Bundled up in our best winter gear we followed the GPS coordinates up a first waypoint. Re evaluating the GPS numbers we discovered that our data the coordinates we walked right to Rat Crawl Cave. According to the cave files the four foot wide by four foot high entrance is located fifteen feet above the base of the bluff with a thirty foot passage. For our survey Dennis was on point and read backsights, Jimmy read foresights and I entered the GPS waypoint, kept book and took pictures. Including the dripline the entrance was eighteen feet wide but otherwise their description was spot on until Jimmy questioned a tight challenge Dennis immediately stepped up to assess the situation. Although he was denied in the breakdown slot he did manage to slide under a wedged rock that opened up into a roomy crawl that terminated in thirty feet. We effectively doubled the length of woodrat ( Neotoma floridana ) scat was the only sign of cave fauna usage. Five minutes up the bluffline we found a trickling spring that emanated from a four foot wide by eighteen inch high entrance. A peek into the opening revealed a rocky bellycrawl in six inches of water that extended for at least forty feet. The chilly weather deterred us from attempting this lead but we noted it 126

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for another time. Photos were taken and a GPS waypoint established. According to cave records this would correspond with the entrance to MisJust around the corner was twenty foot wide by nine foot entrance that trended back twenty feet to a breakdown slope. In front of the cave was an interesting set of parallel rock edging that had us baffled. Was it used for irrigation? Perhaps to power a grist mill? Water livestock? Further investigation will be required to answer these questions. Photos were taken and a GPS waypoint established. Fifty feet beyond this first cave was another similar cave with one major difference. Hanging from the ceiling was a pipistrelle or tri colored bat ( Perimyotis subflavus ) that appeared to have been scalped and part of its skull was missing. Other than that disconcerting find the only other sign of cave life was Eastern woodrat ( Neotoma floridana ) scat. Photos were taken and a GPS waypoint established. Our last task was to monitor Fitton Spring Cave two hundred feet upstream. The forty foot wide by five foot high entrance with a small stream flowing toward Cecil Creek was easy to spot from quite a distance. Inside the dripline was a concrete dam that once spanned the entrance years. Written in the concrete were the initials RH JK 9 21 63. A National Park Service monument indentifying the cave was also located near the entrance. A quick investigation of the first hundred feet revealed five pipistrelles or tri colored bats ( Perimyotis subflavus ), twelve camel crickets ( Ceuthophilus gracilipes ) and a few orb weavers ( Meta ovalis ). With over 1,200 feet of cave remainWe wrapped up at 3:00 p.m. with all of our objectives achieved and excited to return to Steel Creek for a wonderful meal prepared by Brenda Goodnight. Lost Valley Ridge Caves Newton County, Arkansas December 19, 2016 By Mark Jones Wolf Trap Pit C191 Since the weather had warmed up a bit Dennis Novicky and I headed out to survey and monitor some pits along a ridge in the Lost Valley in the Buffalo National River. The first GPS coordinates from the cave files took us to within sixty feet of the entrance to Wolf Trap Pit. The skylight entrance ran ten feet wide southwest to northeast and five feet wide northwest to southeast. An eighteen foot vertical drop to a steep debris slope requires vertical gear which we had carried with us. Again Dennis was on point setting stations and reading backsights while I recorded the GPS location, read foresights, kept book and took photographs. A large portion of the southeast wall was covered in a thick mat of moss, a nice change of pace. An abandoned eastern phoebe ( Sayornis phoebe ) nest was cleverly camouflaged amongst the greenery. Immediately we noticed the fluted walls that shot straight up to within a few feet of the surface and we knew we were in for a special canyon cave. To add to our wonder were the thin rock fin walls that divided the passage into small rooms. Removing our vertical gear we had an enjoyable chimney climb down thirty feet to the southwest in meandering passage to the first of two drains. A Disto shot to the ceiling gave a reading of sixty feet! In fact most of the ceiling heights were over forty feet. A bathtub ring along the wall six feet above the floor indicated that when the cave takes in water it retains it for a bit. From the drain room we turned north and surveyed clockwise another thirty feet to an intersection that circled back to the entrance and continued to trend north. Along the way we found the walls chockfull of crinoids. In addition there was a cluster of 127

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twinkly flowstone that was the only secondary formations found in the cave. We went another twenty feet to the north from the intersection where we found the second drain at approximately the same elevation as the first. An unlucky box turtle ( Terrapene Carolina triungui ) had dropped to the floor where we found his remains neatly arranged under his shell. Also in this area we discovered a well preserved shrimp fossil in the wall along with other aquatic fossils. To wrap up the survey we returned to the intersection to take two more shots back to the entrance to tie in a loop. A total of 163.5 feet of pleasant survey was collected in Wolf Trap Pit, not an impressive amount but the reward was in the beauty and majesty of the sheer walls. It took four hours to complete our work but it was certainly worth it. Sabre Bridge Cave C192 Hiking the ridgeline from Wolf Trap Pit a hundred feet south Dennis Novicky and I came to Sabre Bridge to monitor this cave since the ceiling collapse created an easy stairway down fifteen feet to the five foot wide by fifteen foot high canyon entrance. This cave is very similar to nearby Wolf Trap Pit Cave with sheer walls that rise over thirty feet with numerous rock fin walls. It does appear that there is a single passage sixty five feet in length. Our monitoring revealed only two pipistrelles or tri colored bats ( Perimyotis subflavus ) and a few flies ( Diptera sp.). A good GPS waypoint was established and photos taken. Five Story Pit As we scoured the ridgeline for known caves and pits in the Lost Valley area Dennis Novicky discovered an eight foot wide by three foot crawlway in a shallow ravine that ran fifteen feet into the hillside before dropping fifty feet straight down! With time running out we simply took photos and got a GPS waypoint to compare with caves in the file. Addendum: Back at the Steel Creek facilities it was determined that it may be a lost cave, Hop Hornbeam Hole. We plan on returning in early 2017 to rectify the situation. Mated Dogwood Caves C194 The last stop along the ridgeline for the day was at Mated Dogwood Caves. While Dennis Novicky dropped down lower on the slope to look at some rock I found a ceiling collapse with sister caves on either end. The cave to the north was about a hundred feet long and is very similar to other caves in the area with sheer walls that rise over thirty feet with numerous rock fin walls. It appears that there is a main passage fifty feet in length with a secondary branch that may add another thirty feet. Our monitoring revealed no bats but a four foot diameter area of guano under an area of ceiling staining indicate that bats utilize the cave sometime during the year. The cave entrance to the south is very similar to other caves on the ridge with sheer walls that rise over thirty feet with numerous rock fin walls. It has a single passage fifty long that splits near the end into two rooms. Our monitoring revealed a few flies ( Diptera sp.). A GPS waypoint was established and photos taken. Toga Cave Newton County, Arkansas December 20, 2016 By Mark Jones For six days Dennis Novicky and I have been racking up the survey footage and discoveries so why mess with success? Joining our team would be a new arrival, Jenn Ellis. With vastly improved weather the hike to the cave was much more agreeable. Three days earlier Krista Bartel and I had surveyed over two hundred feet of virgin passage before being stymied by a 128

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129 twenty foot canyon drop. This time we were prepared with a hundred foot rope, three pieces of twenty foot webbing, rope pads and vertical gear. Unloading excessive gear at the entrance we crawled into the cave at 10:15 a.m. to traverse the hundred foot canyon to the crawlway to The Sand Trap. To reduce the impact on the cave we flagged a wide section of this area since the rock is so fragile. Slipping into the second canyon we found suitable anchors and wrapped the webbing around a large rock outcropping with a secondary anchor on a piece of ceiling breakdown. I was first on rope and slowly maneuvered between the rock fins and loose debris down to a significant drain. Although it was inaccessible it appeared to move a large amount of water. I was standing in a muddy twenty five foot tall canyon that was thirty feet long. sights, Dennis was on point and read backsights and I sketched and took photos. When Jenn arrived she pointed out that eight feet above the floor on the right ledge was a calcite pool ridge with calcite needles underneath. At one time this area would be we would have gotten a raft in here or rappelled into it. During our suris to say it widened for a stretch, narrowed and quickly widened. Overhead the ceiling ran horizontal for the entire survey although it was occasionally obscured by breakdown or ledges. Seventy feet into the survey we entered a maze of ceiling breakdown that forced us into hands and knees crawling before popping into a thirty foot diameter room with an eight foot ceiling. A section of the wall had some nifty boxwork like formations on a chunk of ceiling ledge. Beyond this room was one more shot to a narrow drain that finished off our fun. With all of the challenging issues with the crumbly rock we christened the survey the Muddy, Flaky Rock Passage although Jenn had sugBefore closing the book on this part of the cave Dennis climbed up between the breakdown to investigate the balcony but returned dejected with crawlways that followed our lower surveyed level. On the way out we were reminded of the poor quality of the rock when I dislodged a seemingly solid rock at the lip of the drop. Thankfully it attention. It should also be noted that Jenn and Dennis were practicing cave safety by being well out of the drop zone. In The Sand Trap Dennis rigged to drop into a twenty foot pit that Krista had discovered on Saturday. We had figured on a blind pit light disappeared there was more cave to survey. He reported some small domes as well as going crawlways that will need to be pushed. In addition Dennis noted another potential lead near the crawlway squeeze that is a climbing lead. Over the past few days the known surveyed length of Toga to attempt to complete the survey of Toga Cave. A ray of sunshine lit our way out at 3:00 p.m. Cave fauna found included pipistrelles or tri colored bats ( Perimyotis subflavus ) as well as guano flecking with insect parts in the last room, and a few camel crickets ( Ceuthophilus gracilipes ) and a couple orb weavers ( Meta ovalis ). But the most interesting find was the same Western slimy salamander ( Plethodon albagula or glutinosus ) near the entrance from Friday was in the same small hole. Jenn noted that it was guarding five large eggs. No wonder she was still there.


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