Site formation and chronology of the New Paleolithic Site Sima de Las Palomas de Teba, Southern Spain


Material Information

Site formation and chronology of the New Paleolithic Site Sima de Las Palomas de Teba, Southern Spain
Series Title:
Quaternary Research
Kehl, Martin
Burow, Christoph
Cantalejo, Pedro
Domínguez-Bella, Salvador
Durán, Juan José
Henselowsky, Felix
Klasen, Nicole
Linstädter, Jörg
Medianero, Javier
Pastoors, Andreas
Ramos, José
Reicherter, Klaus
Schmidt, Christoph
Weniger, Gerd-Christian
Cambridge University Press
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
1 online resource


Subjects / Keywords:
Caves ( lcsh )
Paleolithic period ( lcsh )
serial ( sobekcm )
Europe -- Spain


The newly identified Paleolithic site Sima de Las Palomas de Teba hosts an almost seven-m-thick sediment profile investigated here to elucidate the rock shelter's chronostratigraphy and formation processes. At its base, the sediment sequence contains rich archeological deposits recording intensive occupation by Neanderthals. Luminescence provides a terminus ante quem of 39.4 ± 2.6 ka or 44.9 ± 4.1 ka (OSL) and 51.4 ± 8.4 ka (TL). This occupation ended with a rockfall event followed by accumulation of archeologically sterile sediments. These were covered by sediments containing few Middle Paleolithic artifacts, which either indicate ephemeral occupation by Neanderthals or reworking as suggested by micromorphological features. Above this unit, scattered lithic artifacts of undiagnostic character may represent undefined Paleolithic occupations. Sediment burial ages between about 23.0 ± 1.5 ka (OSL) and 40.5 ± 3.4 ka (pIRIR) provide an Upper Paleolithic chronology for sediments deposited above the rockfall. Finally, a dung-bearing Holocene layer in the uppermost part of the sequence contains a fragment of a human mandible dated to 4032 ± 39 14C yr BP. Overall, the sequence represents an important new site for studying the end of Neanderthal occupation in southern Spain.
Original Version:
Volume 85, Issue 2
General Note:
19 p.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-05528 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26-5528 ( USFLDC Handle )

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University of South Florida
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