Engraved ochres from the Middle Stone Age levels at Blombos Cave, South Africa

Citation

Material Information

Title:
Engraved ochres from the Middle Stone Age levels at Blombos Cave, South Africa
Series Title:
Journal of human evolution
Creator:
Henshilwood, Christopher S.
d'Errico, Francesco
Watts, Ian
Publisher:
Elsevier
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
1 online resource

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Ocher ( lcsh )
Mesolithic period ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
Location:
Africa -- South Africa -- Western Cape -- Blombos Cave

Notes

Abstract:
Powerful categories of evidence for symbolically mediated behaviour, variously described as ‘modern’ or ‘cognitively modern’ human behaviour, are geometric or iconographic representations. After 40,000 years ago such evidence is well documented in much of the Old World and is widely considered as typifying ‘modern human culture,’ but earlier evidence is rare. In Africa, this includes two deliberately engraved ochre pieces from c. 75,000 year old levels at Blombos Cave, Western Cape, South Africa and the greater than 55,000 year old incised ostrich egg shell from the Diepkloof shelter, located in the same province. Here we report on thirteen additional pieces of incised ochre recovered from c. 75,000–100,000 year old levels at Blombos Cave. These finds, taken together with other engraved objects reported from other southern African sites, suggest that symbolic intent and tradition were present in this region at an earlier date than previously thought.
Original Version:
Volume 57, Issue 1
General Note:
21 p.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-05588 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26-5588 ( USFLDC Handle )

USFLDC Membership

Aggregations:
University of South Florida
Karst Information Portal

Postcard Information

Format:
serial

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