The genesis of New Port Richey

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Title:
The genesis of New Port Richey
Creator:
Avery, Elroy McKendree
Place of Publication:
New Port Richey, Fla
Publisher:
Avery Library and Historical Society
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
New Port Richey, Fla. -- History ( lcsh )
New Port Richey, Fla. -- Description and travel. ( lcsh )

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Source Institution:
University of South Florida
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
024620392 ( ALEPH )
01831589 ( OCLC )
F68-00012 ( USFLDC DOI )
f68.12 ( USFLDC Handle )

USFLDC Membership

Aggregations:
University of South Florida
Florida Studies

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Format:
Book

Full Text
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PAGE 2

NeW' Po lllohey re DepartD1ent Organized April 1, 1922 J. W. CLARK, 1R., Chief 0. W. BARNETT, Treasurer This department, together with the chemical truck, apparatus, and engine house, were made possible by the generous contributions of the following MEMBERS Avery, Elroy M ........â€¢...... $25.00 Avery Library ................ 50.00 Bailey, M. L ................. 12.50 Barber, A. M . .. :............. 5.00 Berlin, F ......................... 12.50 Bickell, H. F ................. 12.-50 Boone, E. ................ . ........ 12~ 5 0 Case, H. D .......â€¢............. 50.00 Casey, W. A. .................. 4.00 Catholic Mi~ion ............ 25.00 Civic Club ...................... 50.00 Clark, J. W., Jr ............. 50.00 Colby & Grey ................ 50.00 Conover, R. F ................. 12.50 Davis, Mrs. B ................. 12.50 Davis, S. B. ---25.00 Davis Lumber Co ...... ~-25.00 Draft, Rollo .................... 50.00 First State Bank ............ 50.00 Gibbons, A. D ................. 25.00 Golder, B. ---12.50 Gregg, J. H ................... 10.46 Griffith, H. E ................. 12.50 Hall, W. M ..................... 12.50 This space contributed by Port Richey. Co. Havens, H. H ................. 25.00 Hermanson, B. H ........... 25.00 Holland, G ..................... 12.50 \ Hunt, W. W â€¢.................. 12.50 Kinney, M. R ................. 12.50 Madison, Mary A. ........ 1.00 Moore, W ....................... 12.50 Mueller, C. L . .... : ........... 12.50 Palms Theatre ........... : .... 25.00 Pauels, A. J ................... 50.-00 Payson, T. W ................. 12.50 Pasco Electric Co. .....â€¢.. 15 5 0 Port Richey Co â€¢......â€¢â€¢â€¢â€¢ -:. ... 50.00 Rap lee, H. G. ................ . 2 5 Rowan, F ....................... 12.50 Salisbury, G. F . ........ ... . 12.50 Sass, F .............. ............. 12.!'iO Seeley, H. H ................. 12.50 Sheldon, E. V ................. 12.50 Sims, G. R . ........ ............ 50.00 Snell, C. E ..................... 10.00 Wanl\er, G. L. ................ 5.00 Tota. PAGE 5 uH1r 1\urry 11librttry nuh ih;iatnrirttl ~nrtrty New Jnrt iRirqry. JJrlnrihu PUBLICATIO 0 . 3 SEPTEMBER, 19 2 4 OF Compiled and Edited by ELROY M . ./IVERY PAGE 6 2 llinr rworh The chief purpose of this little book is to tell where and what N e w Port Richey is and how it c ame to be. This purpose permits a very brief outline of the early events leading up to this end any one who desires to fill in the gaps left in the present narra~ive will find abundant material, easily accessible-New Port Richey has a good library , open to the public. New Port Richey is in Pasco County , on the Florida West Coast. It is pleasantly situated on the Cotee River (an abbreviation of the Indian name , Pithlachascotee) and about two miles from the Gulf of Mexico. It is 212 miles from Jacksonville , 48 miles from St. Petersburg , 36 miles from Tampa , and 8 miles from Tarpon S p r i ngs. It is most easily reached by railway via Tampa or Tarpon Springs. Good paved roads from New Port Richey to St. Petersburg , or to Tampa and beyond make automobile travel easy and pleasant. ( Co pyrigh , 1924, by E lro M. ry) PAGE 7 FRIERSON'S PHARMACY FRED C. FRIERSON , Proprietor PRESCRIPTION DEPARTMENT In charge of Registered Pharmacist ONLY BEST DRUGS , CHEMICALS , AND PHARMACEUTICALS USED Every Requisite for the Sick Room SODA FOUNTAIN CIGARS , TOBACCOS, NOVELTIES , ETC. Frozenrite Ice Cream " An Appetite in Every Bite " 3 PAGE 8 \ Burnette-Patterson Lumber Co. OFFICE AND YARDS , NEW PORT RICHEY When you are ready to build that house or store write to us or see us. We can give you pointers that will be valuable. Our experience in the lumber and the building trades of the South is at your disposal. PAGE 9 The Connecting Link Between You and Your Government Is the lluitrh @Jtatra Jost ffirr When you buy a stamp , send a parcel , purchase a Money Order or a Treasury Certificate , you show your PATRIOTISM-for " the little postage stamp is the Nation ' s best Builder , the Apostle of Peace , the Promulgator of International Federation , proclaiming the blessedness of the Brotherhood of Man." About sixty-one per cent of all mail handled by the United Stat es Government is parcel post business. You get a cheaper , better and surer service thaJ1 in any other manner. It is good Patriotism-it is good business to patronize your Government. Yours for REAL SER VICE, GERBEN M. De VRIES POSTMASTER New Port Richey , Florid a 5 PAGE 10 6 ELROY M. A VERY, Pres. CHAS. M. PRICE, Vic -Pres. R. E. GASKILL, ec'y., Treas., and gr. I can't help thinking that the Florida West Coast is much like the Garden of Eden â€¢. fl y . (; â€¢ ' was before its inhabitants disobeyed their Lord. Even after Adam and Eve ate the 'forbidden fruit and the man threw the blame upon the woman as the men folks have ., done ever since, Adam lived to the ripe old ag' e of nine hundred and thirty years , but he never knew how much easier life might have been for him if he had had access t o suc h an arsenal of helpful equipment as that now maintained at New Port Richey by the Cotee Hardware Co. PAGE 11 Gulf Utilities Company Operated to serve the best interests f NEW PORT RICHEY Ice and Ele ctricit y Plus S ervice This concern may be counted upon furthe!r to aid in the upbuilding of the town. We Sing a Song of Mus i c the Whole Y ear Around Whether it is Pianos , Victro las, Player Pianos , Records , Music Rolls , Music Books , or anything else fou nd in a music stor e. And you will find our price rig ht with quality considered. Pianos to rent , by the week or season . Pianos moved or pianos stored ilixie fflusir ~IJnp East M ain Street H H New Port Richey , Fla. 7 PAGE 12 8 THE HOME OF SALLY BLOSSOMS The SALLY SHOPPE is a veritable flow r garden, a formal garden with beds of the inost entrandng bloom. One bed contains pmks and blues for babies. BewitchiTJ.6 caps to frame the smiling faces, and the little bows are pinned to the caps with Another bed has rows of captivatin sweaters in all the hades of flowerdom, and the crisp, lacey collars are pinned with ally 1.Sln.a.anm ~Uttnter Jin.a I n the long bed on the right grow post card flowers in all the known hues, tiny gifts boxed with SAtLY BLOSSO ~ IS, handkerchiefs whose corners bloom with colors prominent in the outhland, S LL BLOSSOM boxes and bottles with the perfumes impri oned, and here, there and everywhere peep tiny SALL BLOSS O MS on pin , braclets, pendants, and the hundred trifles that grace our girls today, while unstanding like great sunflowers, the GIFT SHOPPE H TS, adorned with ALLY BLOSSOMS make their persistent appeal. HH PAGE 13 W. H. PHILLIPS LARGEST ASSORTMENT OF S t aple and Fancy Groceries IN THE CITY Our Meat Market IS AS GOOD AS THE BEST We have our own REFRIGERATION PLANT as suring the best meats at all times . W. H. PHILLIPS , Proprietor 9 PAGE 14 10 Jlarkes Qtlnt{Jiug PAGE 15 'HOW NEW PORT RICHEY HAPPENED B y THE EDITOR 11 In the beginning , God created the heavens and the earth. Then man and woman were made and , with their o:ffs~ring , occu9ied the earth. Few of them lived up to the level of their possibilities and so a flood was sent for their punishment and then a Saviour for their redemption. In t he . ninth century after the coming of Christ , Norweg ' ians settled in lcelanf whfoh lies on the northern way from Europ e to America ; they soon dis covered Greenland and formed two settlements on its west coast. A glance at the map of the north Atlantic will show how easily this discovery might be made; from the middle of the channel between Iceland and Greenland , land may be seen on either hand. In the year 1000 ( or thereabouts) Leif Ericson , with thirty-five companions sailed southward from their homes in Greenland and landed on an island. According to the " inspired iden ti1iers of localities, " they were now somewhere on the New England coast , but at what precise locality no ordinary mortal kno ws. Delighted with the climate , they sailed between the island and the mainland , went up a river went ashore , and spent the winter there, the founders of " Vinland," the adventurous pioneers of American discovery. The story is told in detail in certain sagas or Scandanavian legenu.i., treasured in the royal library of Copenhagen. They had long been known to Scandanavian scholars , but were first made known to the world in general by publication in 1837 . These stories bear internal evidence of trustworthiness , have been corroborated by early and almost contemporary Icelandic historians , and confirmed by the researches of modern explorers and investigators .. "We cannot deal fairly with American history and ignore these picturesque and romantic legends. " After varied experiences , Vinland was abandoned , and in the next century it drifted into oblivion. In the lat ter part of the thirteenth cen tU1 y , the wondrous story that the Venetian , Marco Polo told of Cathay arnused the curiosity and kindled the avarice of western Europe , and Prince Henry of Portug'al (1394-1460) proposed to turn the profitable commerce of the East from the Red Sea and the Mediterranean to the broad bosom of the Atlantic. The mariners whom he enlisted explored the west coast of Africa , part of the definite :Jrog ram of advancing thus to e s tablish a route to Asia. The age of m a ritime discov ery (1492-1522) wa s thus ushered in. PAGE 16 12 THE GENESIS OF NEW PORT RICHEY The story of the Italian, Christopher Columbus , and his discovery of America is too well known to call for more than mere mention here. His fleet of three little vessels sailed from Palos in Spain on the third of August 1492. In the following October (October 12, old style; October 21, new style) he landed on Watling Island , one of the Bahamas. He then thought that he had discovered a new route to India. He knew not , nor did he ever know that he had found a world and not a way. Spain was disposed to make the most of her good fortune , and other voyages by the great dis coverer and by other persons, some of whom he had trained, followed. Some of these later voyages were due to private enterprise; some were clandestine. After the death of Queen Isabella , Columbus was neg ' lected by the court and spent his few remaining days in !)OVerty and gloom. He died in the city of Valladolid , Spain , on the twentieth of May, 1506 , in complete obscurity. In 1509 , Juan Ponce de Leon , who had sailed with Columbus on his second voyage, was made g'overnor of Porto Rico , and , when his commis sion was revoked , fed his fancy on the â€¢ Indian story of Bimini , an island "m the which there is a continual spring of ru.nning water of such mar velous virtue that, the water thereof bein g drunk , :perhaps with some d i et , maketh old men young." In 1512 , a royal gTant authorized him "to proceed to discover and settle the island of Bimini" : he was to be its gover nor for life. On an Easter Sunday (March 27, 1513) , the adventurers discovered the mainland along which they coasted north war d until tLe second of April when they landed. The S pa nish name for Easter Sunday is Pasqua Florida (the Feast of Floweirs) and so Ponce called the land of luxuriant beauty Florida. The landing was prob a bly made between the site of St. Augustine and the mouth of the St. John 's River. Of course, they took possession of the country in the name of Spain. Thus the East Coast got the first send-off a handicap that the West Coast has not yet wholly overcome. Thence the party sailed southward, exploring the coast and looking for the fabulous fountain. They doubled the ca:'.:}e and ran up the Florida west coast until it trended westward and possibly beyond. Thus they skirted the peninsula of Pinellas and passed by the mouth of "the beautiful Cotee River." In August, they set sai l homeward. In 1520 , Pan:filo de N arvaez was sent w ith a :fieet and twelve hundred Spanish soldiers to arrest Hern ando Cortes , the somewhat disobedient Spanish conqueror of Mexico. With three hundred men , Cortes mar c hed to meet his white pursuers and in a nig 'ht attack , carried everything be- PAGE 17 THE GENESIS OF NEW PORT RICHEY 13 fore him , captured his wounded rival , and took possession of his :fleet. Narvaez was soon released and returned to Rpain ; most of his men en listed under Cortes. In 1526 , Narvaez seculed. a commission to e,r'l)lore and conquer Florida , a territory that extendd westward as far as 'I:exas. In the following year , with five ships and six hun_ dred men , including many of wealth and gentle birth, as well as mechanics , laborers , and Fran ciscan friars , he sailed from Spain. The winter was spent in the West Indies. In March , 1528 , the fleet sailed from Cuba and was storm-driven upon the Florida west coast. In April it was in the Bahai de la Cruz , which has been variously " identified " as Cb.arlotte Harbor , Tampa Bay and Apalachee Bay. As if to settle this triangular controversy , a large advertising sign on the fine paved way that runs from Tampa toward New Port Richey assures passers-by that Narvaez and his men going north word crossed the highway at that place. Of course , this statement would not have been given such publicity without determinable research. I , therefore , assume that it was on the shore of Tampa Bay that Narvaz landed most of his men and , with the usual formula , took possession of the country. After sending three of his ships ( one had been lost) to follow the coast and to meet him at an uncertain rendezvous , he began his dis astrous march , possibly crossing the Cotee River (you can ' t prove that he didn 't), and ~eeking first for Apalachee , a city of plenty and of gold. The expedition is memorable chiefly for the sufferings of those who died and the rare adventures of the four survivors. In May , 1536 , Cabeza de Vaca , as self-possessed a hero as ever graced a fiction , with three companions , found some of their countrymen at Culiacan in the Mexican province of Sinaloa. They had crossed North America from the Florida Peninsula to the Gulf of California the pioneer pathfinders of the continent. * In 1531 , Pizarro sailed from Panama and began his blood-stained conquest of Peru , and the exaction of the rich ransom vainly paid by the inca. About the time that Cabeza de Vaca returned in poverty from M e xico , Hernando de Soto came in wealth from Pizarro ' s school , won a wife of noble birth , and received a commission that made him governor of Cuba , with authority to conquer the ill-defined country described in the patent that, in 1526 , had been granted to Narvaez. In April, 1538 , De *For detailed accounts of the fatalistic cruelties of Narv aez and the sufferings and adventur as of his men, or of the following brief story of t h e D e Soto ex pedition, see Avery's H istory of the United States and Its P eo pl e, Vo l. 1 , Chap t ~ r 19. PAGE 18 14 THE GENESIS OF NEW PORT RICHEY Soto sailed from San Lucar with six hundred Spaniards "in doublerts and cassocks of silk , " and Portuguese in neat armor. In addition to his sol diers he had " horses and bloodhounds for conquest , mechanics and mater ials for colonization , and priests with sacerdotal paraphernalia for the Christianization of the natives. Everything that experience in invasion could suggest was provided , even to chains for captives and a drove of hogs . " After a year of festivity and prepara t ion , the expedition sailed from Havana in May, 1539. Before the end of the month , De Soto landed his troops at Tampa Bay , sent his ships back lest they should tempt to a retreat , and marched northward; possibly he crossed the Cotee River. "The governor was very fond of the sport of killing Indians , " and his advance was opposed at every step. Lured on by hope of finding gold mines and determined to discover a rival for Peru , De Soto marched his men as far north as North Carolina and , b~ a devious route, as far west as Arkansas , crossing the Mississippi River in the vicinity of Memphis. Aftetr three years of wandering , fighting and suffering , the discouraged De Soto died (May, 1542) , and in silence was buried at midnight in the waters of the Mississippi. The survivors wandered to and fro for the rest of the year, but by December they we1\ ! a g 'ain on the banks of the Mississippi , where they built boats as best they could. Early in the following July, they cast loose their moorings and soon floated in salt water. Work ing wearily along the Louisiana and Texas coast , a pitiable three hundred and eleven , they reached the Spanish colony at Panuco , near the site of the modern Tampico in Mexico, 'in Septembeir , 1543. In 1546, determined to hold Florida in some way , Spain undertook a new departure without soldiers or arms , Father Luis de Barbastro and several Dominican friars entered upon a mission to Florida. They took with them from Havana one Mag dalen , an Indian woman , who had been Christianized and a native of the country for which the mission was to be established. But Magdalen seems to have backslidden from the faith and the missionary priests were killed. By "the right of discovery " of heathen lands by the subjects of a Christian king , Spain claimed Florida and other lands as her own and harl the claim confirmed by papal bulls. Settlements were made at St. Augustine , Pensacola , and elsewhere along the Florida coasts , and many zeal ous missionaries perished while seeking to carry thMr religion into thP interior regons. In 1564 , Huguenots began a settlement near the mouth of the St. John's Rver ; the colony was exterminated by Spaniards . After PAGE 19 THE GENESIS OF NEW PORT RICHEY 15 repaying these atrocities in kind, the French practically withdrew from Florida. After 1702 , when Governor Moore, of South Carolina , laid siege to St. Augustine by land and sea , hostilities between the Spanish and British forces along the Florida coasts continued until 1748 when a truce was agreed upon . The war was renewed in 1762 and resulted in the sur render of Florida by Spain to Great Britain in exchange for Cuba which was then held by the British. Soon after the end of the American war for independence Florida was ceded back to Spain. In 1795 , Spain sold West Florida to France. In 1811 , when war with Great Brits.in was looming , the United States resolved to seize Florida to prevent the British from taking possession. In 1814 , the British occupied Pensacola , but in November of that year the place was captured by an American force under General Andrew Jackson and the British garrison was expelled. In 1819 , the whole of l ' lorida was finally sold by Spain to the United States for five million dollars. In 1822 , Florida was organized as a territory. In December , 1835 , the Seminoles , " a gallant and warlike race," inaugurated hostilities by waylaying Major Francis L. Dade and a detachment of a hundred and ten United States soldiers , while on their way from Fort Brooke at Tampa to Fort King near Ocala. The march led through Pasco County and ended n ear the town of Bushnell in Sumt er County. By feigning death , four of the soldiers survived the massacre. It is now ( 1923) proposed to commemorate the hopeless struggle , by reservin 6 the battlefield as the Dade Massacre Memorial Park. This tragi c affair was almost the beginning of a seven years Indian war , but the Seminoles finally surrendered. In 1845 , Florida was admittd to the Union as a state. In 1856 , the United Sta tes conveyed certain public lands by patent to the state of Florida under act of congress of September 28 , 1850. In February , 1883 , the state of Florida sold to the Florida Land Improve ment Co. several hundred thousand acres of land located mainly in what are now Pinellas and Pasco counties , at 25 cents per acre. Part of the ci t y of St . Petersburg and almost all of the town of New Port Richey are located on these lands . In May of the same year, the Florida Land Improvement Co. conveyed part of these lands , including the site of New Port Richey , to A. P. K . Safford. In this year (1883) , A. M. Richey , with his wife and a daughter , then a young hig h-school girl, bu t now Mrs. J. 0. T. Brown , of Jacksonville , came from St. Joseph , Missouri , and settled near the mouth of the Cotee PAGE 20 16 THE GENESIS OF NEW PORT RICHEY River at a place familiarly known 9.S Rfohey Point. There the family lived eight years-" the most lonesome years of my life," says Mrs. Brown , 0 for sometimes it was three months at a time that mother and I did not : see a woman. Mrs. Malcolm Hill was the other woman in that section , . and she lived some distance away. My father owned a schooner , and was: given the name of Captain Richey. He also owned the grove on the Dixie Highway , later owned by J. R. Ingram , and later still by the DignumRothera Co. The mail was carried on horseback from Brooksville to Anclote and then to Clearwater. There was no Tarpon Springs. Father got' a postoffice established , and gave it the name of Port Richey . He was the first postmaster , and also had a ~ma ll store on ~ichey Point. There was , " of course , no town of New Port Richey , but t~is locality was known as Hickory Hammock. Elfers was called Sapling Woods , or The Neck. The first train came into Tarpon Springs in 1888. In 1891 my father moved to Tarpon Springs , as he had serious heart trouble , and wished to be near a physician. He and my mother often drove out to Port R ichey , crossing the Cotee River at Sand Hill , near the Tiederman property. " In January , 1885 , A. P. K. Safford conveyed his lands to the "Cooty ,,. Land and Improvement Co. In May, 1897 the " Cooty" Land and Improvement Company conveyed them to Sessions and Bullard , turp entine and timber operators. In 1905 , Sessions and Bullard conveyed them to the Aripeka Saw Mills ~ a Georgia corporat ion. Th e l atter concern then began cutting the pinetimber off the lands. Railroad trams were run in various directions , and a huge saw mill was built about five miles north-east of New Port Richey, around which grew up the flourishing town of Fivay , so named because the company was owned by five men whose names began with the i etter A. These men were Gordon Abbott, Charles F. Aye r, H. M. Atkinson , l'tL F. Amorous and P . S. Arkwright , residents of Atl anta o r Boston , and all wealthy. So the busy little town was known as " Five A ' s," or Fivay for short. A few years later, when the pine1 timber began to pl a y out the huge mill was dismantled, the railroad trams were torn up, and , one by one , the inhabitants drifted away to other mill towns , and Fivay soon took on the appearance of a deserted village. In those days, one could buy a f airly good house in Fivay for$50 . Now only a f e w rude sh a n t ies and weatherâ€¢ beaten shacks remain to m ark the site of the on c e lively town . In 1911 , the . .'\ripeka Saw Mills sold a pa1 t of their l a nds to P. L. Weeks ; in Aug ust of that year Mr. W e eks , his brother (J. S. Weeks , jr. , ) and W . E . .

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18 THE GENESIS OF NEW PORT RICHEY George R. Sims known as the firm of Filcher & Sims , and succeeded in interesting them in the property. But Filcher & Sims were then busy with other developments in Florida and did not personally become identified with New Port Richey until the early part of 1916 , when Mr. Sims having acquired Mr . Filcher's interest came here to live , and built his little bung a low overlooking the river and Enchantment Park. (See his 'Earliest Re collections of N ew Port Richey,' on another page of thi book.) Since that date, the development of New Port Richey has been steady , substantial and rapid. The first brick building in he town was com pleted by Mr . Sims in the spring of 1919 , and has since been used by him for his central offices . In the fall of 1921 , the beautiful and substantial building for the First State Bank of New Port Richey was completed . A few months later Ralph Werner' s two-story brick mercantile building on Main street opened its doors , and was quickly followed by James W. Clark , jr.'s two story brick building extendin , along the boulevard from Main street to the railway at Nebraska treet. In the same year, the school district of which New Port Richey is a part voted in favor of the issue of bonds to the amount of $50 , 000 , of which$35 , 000 was for a new hig h school. The bonds were sold and the school was built, as stated in the article on the public schools of the town. A movement is now on for the incorporation of the village at the ne:xt session of the Florida leg 'islature. In 1922 , the vote-rs of Pasc o Coun ty, a lmost unanimously , authorized the issue of bonds to the extent of half a million dollars for the building of a paved road from Dade City , the county se t , to the Paradise Loop of the D ixie Highway that runs throug h New Port Richey. It is expected that the road will be finished this year, thus enabling the residents of the eastern side of the county easily to get to the Wonder City and the Gulf of Mexico. A bathing beach on the ulf and the right of way thence to the established hig hway have been given , and wiU. be dedicated to the public as soon as the village is incorporated. A 150-foot bridg e across a bayou has been built with funds contributed by supporters of the project, and t he o ening of an automobile r o a d t o the beach has been beg un. The county commissioners appxopriated ten thousand dollars for a n ew bridge to replace the old one over the Cotee River at Port Richey. The bonds were sold , the brid:,e is finished , and will make more pleasant the drive to the beach. On September 18 , 1923 , the road district vo e d , about six to one , in favor of an issue of bonds, $275 ,000, for more g ood roads. The bonds were sold , the contracts have been le t and the work is now in prog ress. Having successfully passed throug h the period of infantile diseases under the faithful nursing of Commodore Sims , New Port Richey now enters upon a healthy boyhood with e;very prospect of a robust manhood. So mote it be ! PAGE 23 ,,.. THE GENESIS OF NEW PORT RICHEY (To face page 18) On the ' 27th of October, 1924, New Port Richey was incorporated as a town under the general statutes of Florida. Officers for the first year were elected as follows : Councilmen, I Mayor, ELROY M. AVERY Clerk, C. W. BARNETT Marshal, I>. H. MEETH W. H. CRITCHLEY 0. W. HERMS J. )I. SHELDON W. A. LOCKARD J. H. CASEY F. A. SHAW R. DRAFT ' PAGE 24 1912 AND AFTER B y FRED R. S 19 Influenced by the condition of my wife's health and hopes of its improvement , she and I left Kansas City , in Missouri , on the 5th day of January, 1912, by railway , en route to Florida. We left the thermometer at Kansas City registering a temperature of five degrees below zero ( 5deg ' F.). At Tampa, we were met by one of our friends, Mr. J. G. Holzscheiter , who had been in Florida a few months , looking over the country. After putting up at the Tampa Bay Hotel, Mr. Holzscheiter ancl I began our study of South Florida from Plant City to St. Petersburg'. After about three weeks' search for the Promised Land , we heard of the Port Richey Company , the offices of which were then on Franklin Street. in Tampa. We soon had an interview with the manager of the company , Mr. W. E. Guilford, and he arranged to have us taken to see some of their property at Port Richey , in the western part of Pasco County , on the Pithlachascotee Rive1, and about 36 miles north-west of Tampa There we found a half-finished hotel that the Port Richey Company was building under the supervision of Mr. S. H. Cornell. We took a ride down the beautiful river to the g'Ulf in Mr. Dave Clark's boat , were delig ' hted , and quickly arrang 'ed to buy the hotel. On the 5th of February , we and our car-load of household goods, groceries, and othe1 ne c essaries and comforts, left Tampa by the unfinished railroad that then came only as far as the present estate of Pete1 0. Knig ' ht, some distance south of Elfers. Thence our goods were carried by truck along a sandJ trail that crossed the river over a bridge about where the "Old Grove' sub-division is now being developed by Mr. Warren E. Burns. We at once took possession of the unfinished hotel ; we slept on the floor ; meals were served in tents that had been set up for the carpenters. Besides Mr. Cornell , we found in what we now call New Port Richey, Mr. W. W. McIntyre -lJ1d Mr. Frank Howarth , who had heen here only a few weeks, and lived 011 : Massachusetts Avenue , whe re the company had an " experim en tal farm:" they soon had two or three watermt l ons growing. Mrs. Sass was the first woman to live in New Port Richq. At that time Orange La~e was not visible from the hotel. We soon opened a grocery in the hotel pantry. In just a year after our coming , I boug ht the interest of Mr. Holzscheiter in the hotel. About that time the railway station was built , and , with my horse , I drew freig-ht thence to the river landing (now Enchantment Park) for 25 cents a load. PAGE 25 20 THE GENESIS OF NEW PORT RICHEY Thns I was able, in good seasons, to increase my income to eight dollars pf. I month. For sel-eral years, hotel prospects were pretty blue. At Tampa, before we bought the hotel property, we were assured that we would have at lea .st 25 guests at the first meal served by us, but we had not that many at any meal until after Mrs. Sass organized the "Port Richey Settlers Benefit Club." The club had monthly dinners (35 cents) at the Sass Hotel, and existed from August 9, 1913, to January 2, 1916. The book of minutes of the club, in the neat' handwriting of the secretary, Mr. F. W. Bryan, has been deposited by me with the Avery Library and Historical Society. In 1916, Mr. George R. Sims arrived, and soon became the owner of the Port Richey Company ; then the town took on new life and activities, until now it is called " The Wonder Town of the Florida West Coast." Late in that year (1916), the Sass Hotel was enlarged and improved. In November, 1920, it was sold to Dr. Elroy M. Avery and Mr. George R. Sims, as equal partners, for$21,000. They extended Main Street through the property, and soon transferred title to the Enchantment Inn Company. Later the building and part of the land was sold to Miss Hannah A. Turnbolt, who until her death, operated the hotel under the name of The Inn. It is now owned and operated by F. L. Walsh. After the sale of the Sass Hotel , my wife and I took an automobile trip from New Port Richey to California and back. We traveled more than 13 , 000 miles, and saw many places of many kinds , but found none that could win our hearts away from The Wonder Town and our New Port Richey friends. And so we came back in September, 1921, to build our pre sent home on the Cotee and the Paradise Loop of the Dixie Highway . A MARVEL The rapidly growing importance of New Port Richey is well shown by the growth of the First State Bank. Opened on October 15 , 1921 , the de posits at the close of that first day were $33 , 404.22 , a showing that sur prised everybody. Of course, there we'l'e a few joy-killers who confidently prophesied failure before many moons, but Cashier Barnett m a g'Ilified his office, the bank won the confidence of .the people , and today the First State Bank of "The Wonder Town ' is rated by Florida bankers as a marvel." The building and equipment have been paid for dividends have been satisfactory to the stockhold ers, the initial surplus has been increased , and a recent statemen t showed dep osi ts of$500 ,7 67.07.

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EARLY DAYS IN NEW PORT RICHEY ByJ.H.MORAN 21 In the summer of 1911 , P. L. Weeks , Caesar Weeks , and W. E. Guil ford bought of the Aripeka Saw Mill Company 30,000 acres of land lying in Townships 24 , 25 and 26 , south , Range 16 , east ; later on , 19,000 acres in townships 24 and 25 were sold to the St. Petersburrr-Groveland Company ; leaving about 11 , 000 acres in what is now known as the tract of the Port Richey Company , a corporation that was formed in 19li. A town site was laid out about one mile square , havi n g for its central point what is now known as Orange Lake. A publicity cam pai r n was entered upon by means of a bountiful supply of literature and the opening of offices in various northern cities. The company promptly began the erection of a hotel for the purpose of taking care of their customers. In February, 1912 , two men from Kansas City , John G. Holz s cheiter and Fred Sass , bought the hotel property . Later, Mr. Holzscheiter retired from the firm; the building was enlarged and, under the name of the Sass Hotel , it enjoyed a large patronage. In 1920, the Enchantment Inn Company became the owners ; under the name of The Inn, it is now owned and managed by another. The importunities of relatives who had bought land throu i h the office at Boston , Mass. , caused the writer to leave Boston on A p ril 27 , 1912, for Port Richey. I came by rail to Tampa and thence by auto over the old Hudson road , crossing the Cotee River on an old bridg e (since destroyed) 1ear where the home of Nick Tiederman now stands. At Port Richey the only buildings in sight were the hotel and two tents, on e occupied by S. H . Cornell and C. E. Poole ; the other by Frank Hanford who had suc ceeded W. E. Guilford as manager of the Port Richey Company. The second building on the townsite was the McNatt building , now known as the Idlewile on Central Avenue. The lower story wa s used for a store while the upper story contained a hall which was used for occa sional meetings of various kinds and for school and church purp oses. These were quickly followed by houses built by J. W. Smith , F. E . Smith and S. H. Cornell then upon t he Circle others built by R. Draft, J. H. Casey , B. H. Hermanson , and others. Next came the business block on the Boulevard (then called Depot Street) the hardware store the Pauels building (now occ upied by I. N. Vickers) and the Port Richey Compa ny's office which , in spite of the abundance of l and, was 1:milt in the middle of

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22 THE GENESIS OF NEW PORT RICHEY Main Street ; 1t was afterwards moved and was occupied by the New Port Richey Pre -ss until recently. F. B. Haworth of Allston , Mass. , built the first house on the company's land. Then came W. W. McIntyre , Mrs. Richmond J . H. Moran , L. L. Pearcy , S. H. Harrison , and others ; all these were east of town. When several houses were built north of the town and more on the west side of the river , we discovered that we were beginning to be a town. Of the persons who we-re here on my arrival only f,our remain , S. H. Cornell , J. G. Holzscheiter , F. B. Haworth and FTed S~ss, thoug h several others still retain their interests here. The first social organization was known as the Port Richey Improve ment Society which met semi-monthly at Mrs. Richmond's it had a brief existence and was succeeded by the Settlers' Club , which for several yea rs, met monthly at the Sass Hotel to partake of Mrs. Sass ' s famous suppers and to while away the evening hours in song and story. The first religious service was held in the park in the summer of 1913, the Reverend Holmes Logan of Tarpon Springs preaching the sermon. In the fall the service was held in the McNatt building and there contin ued until the Methodist church was ready for occupancy. After Mr. Logan came Pastors Tompkins , Collier , ( during whose ministry the chur9h was built) WindhJ.m , Stevens , Partridge , and J. E. Jones. J. M. Mitchell of Elfers was the first supe r intendent of the Sunday School ; his succes sors were Mrs. Martindale , Mrs . Grove , Mr. Poole , Mr. Valentine , and Mr. Cornell. P. L. Weeks built the branch railroad line from Lake Villa to Port Richey , a dist a nce of eight miles , and trains ran to Elfers in February , 1912. The de pot at New Port Richey w a s built in November , 1912 , but the building of the bridge across the Cotee River delayed the arriv a l of t rains until the summer of 1913 , when semi-weekly train servic e was estab lished. Mr. Weeks afterwards sold this branch to the Tampa and Gulf Coast Railroad. It is now a part of the Seaboa1d Air Line System. Soon after train sen ice became an a s sured fact , one of my neighbors remarked to me " Tha t train is a g ood thing for us , isn t it 1 I said "It sure is when we hear the locomo t ive whistle we know that it is either Tue s day or Friday. " Mr . \.leeks is now vi c e-pre s ident of the First National Bank of Brooksville . The fir s t st ation a g ent at New Port Richey wa~ H. A. Jo s lyn . After a service of three months , he was su c ceeded by J. H. Moran who c on t inu e d in the servi c e until 192 0 , wh e n he retired from the business.

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THE GENESIS OF NEW PORT RICHEY 23 Before leaving Boston, I had called on the company's age~t at that point to discover, if possible, how nearly the actual was in accord with the company's literature. He assured me that "The half had never been told," that we were within 20 miles of Tampa, only 6 miles from 't'arpon Springs, that lumber was $12.00 per M., that land could be cL. .. ,ec for$8.00 per acre, and that the roads by the land of my people were a~ 6ood as those past the house in which I lived. So, one bright May morning, we left the Sass Hotel via auto to view the new Eldorado. Aft11. r Tiding about two miles over palmetto roots, stumps, and fallen trees (Lilt no road,) WP. arrived. After about an hour's search, Salesman Robbins discovered the corner stake buried in the palmetto growth. I know that Columbus felt no greater joy when he heard the cry "Land Ho!" than did my friend Robbins when he found that stake. "Here is your land" he cried, "Get out and look at it." "I don't want to get out," I said, "I have seen all I want of it right now." Oh, well, I will change it for you if you don't like it." Said I, "I don't want to change it." "What are you going to do then 1" "Going back to Boston and put that agent in jail," was my reply. But I didn't ,do so, and as far as I know that agent is still at large and I am still a resident of New Port Richey. Great changes have come to us in these ten years. We have become a prosperous community. Where once the alligator and the razor back roamf 1 undisturbed , there are orange groves, comfortable homes, schools, ch irches , and various hives of industry. All credit and honor to those ear{y pioneers who hewed for themselves homes out of the wilder ness and made glad the waste places. Note.Mr. Moran died in 1922, soon after writing the preceding articl e. MASONIC Pearl of the West Lo
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24 N E W POR T RICHEY AS I SAW IT IN 1914 By S. B. DA VIS Having heard of New Port Richey while living in Zephyrhills, we decided to investigate, and visited the offices of the Port Richey Company, which at that time were located in Tampa. Mr. Robins, who was secretary of the company, brought us out to New Port Richey, arriving at the Sass Hotel a little before noon. The first object of interest which was pointed out to u s was "Jack," the big alligator in Orange Lake. After a dinner of good things, which Mrs. Sass knew so well how to prepare, w P. took a walk through the park to the river, there being a path dO\\ln the south side. We were delighted with the place at once. The first man to welcome us was Mr. Cornell, who was on hand looking for a job before we had bought a lot ; he later got the job. Mr. Robins then took us through what looked like a jungle to Old Port Richey and back. We looked at a number of lots, walked around the Circle and down towards the river, then picked out the lot where we now live, a l though we could hardly see it as the brush was eo thick. From the Circle to the river was a solid mass of small trees and palmetto, with only a cow path to the river. Where Mr. Sims' house now stands was a regular jungle. At that time we remained in ew Port Richey only one day, but we came back in November of the same year, cut a road to our lot in order to get lumber to the ground, cleared a place for a cottage, and, with Mr. ornell's help, were living in it within forty-eight hours. There were only eight buildings here at the time. Mr. Moran was here, and Mr. asey was just moving into his new house on the Circle. Mr. Draft and Mr. Herman on, also Mr. Stulting and wife, and Mr. and Mrs. DeVries werP. here. The roads were mostly trails leading almost anywhere through t h e woods, although Massachusetts avenu had be~m laid out. I have seen ew Port Richey grow from a jungle of scrub-oak and saw-palm tto into a beau y pot. nyon se ing it a o I did in the spring of 1914 would not have thought it possible to make it what ~t is today,.me of the beauty spots of Florida. ota Bene-The Avery Library has more good books than you could read in your lif -time. <;>nly one dollar a year.

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26 THE GENESIS OF NEW PORT RICHEY We argued the matter for several days and finally compromised by building the bungalow where she wanted it. Today, six years later, when from my own grounds I can count almost 100 houses in that part of town alone, I often remind her how absurd it was to select a location practically in the heart of a growing city, when we might just as well hav e been further out where we could have the advantages of country life. But on one point we always agree-that the past six years , while wat_ching ew Port Richey grow from babyhood to youth, have been the happiest years of our lives, and we hope that the next period of growth-from youth to manhood-will prove equally pleasurable. THE LORD WILL PROVIDE By GEUBEN M. DeVRIES My early life was spent in Michigan. After completing my high school and business college education, I drifted into the southwest. While in the service of the Rock Island Railroad, covering a period of ten years, I lived in the newer portions of Oklahoma and on the Pan Handle of Texas, where a man's standing was largely established and held by a quick and powerful fist. I also worked for the Rock Island Company in Arkansas and Louisiana where a "Yankee" was considered c.11 right in a business way; socially it was rather difficul t for a "new-comer" from the North to obtain the confidence of the best people. In my last twQ years in that country I acquired the real Arkansas brand of malaria. The doctors and the baths at Hot Springs could do nothing for me and my health became very bad. On the advice of a physician, I returned to Michigan. There I got rid of the malaria but, having taken so much calomel and quinine, I found myself a good subject for rheumatism. Finally, I had to return South. I was so charmed with the south Gulf Coast section of Florida that I decided to remain. To give in detail all the facts relating to the improvement of my health and my reasons for arriving at the decision to make Florida our future home would sound much like a pat')nt medicine advertisement. Briefly stated, outside of the climatic and nealth conditions, I saw here an opportunity to "make good" even if I wa.i forced to take up a new line of work. This conclusion was largely influenced by th kind of folks I meta co smopolitan, friendly, neighborly sort of people who would "stand by" a man or woman who showed the right spirit; on tha t accounit I determined to s tay and t c send for my family. On the day after Thanksgiv i n g in 1913, I fir s t beheld the enchanting river Pithlacha cotee. Here was a place richly endow d by ature and a band of optimistic and congenia l s e ttle r s . s they who live d here four c nturies ago practic d in their daily lives the virtues of friendship and 11 i ghborliness, of harmony and co-operation, s o today w e find h e r e a peo~

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THE GENESIS O F N E W PORT RICHEY 27 ple of our own race who have come from the east and the west, the north and the south, an' d are working for the prosperity and happine2s of themselves and their families and for the good of the community. Port Richey then consisted of a store and a 1,1ostoffice in charge of David Clark who had always lived here. Th re was a small school building, a few houses near the mouth of the river, and that was about all. ew Port Richey was not y t on the map. Where this town now stands, I found a hotel in charge of t o very cong nial peoopleMr. and Mrs. Fred Sass. There also was a "freight and passenger depot" at the end of t o rusty 3 0-pound rails, an unoccupied store building which is now the Idlewile apartment house, Mr. Malmstrom' home on the Circle nearing completion, a beautiful r'ver bank covered with a grove of the finest palm and oak trees I had ever seen, a lot of pretty white stakes marki:::ig the location of town lots for sale, and a sand trail as crooked as they make them running from here to Tarpon Springs. I also found a lot of nice people. I wondered where they all liv_ed and, when I asked r. Moran, he said, "Oh, I live out there in the woods a ways." M .r. Cornell said he lived "in a big mansion just over that ridge." This "big mansion" is now his poultry ltouse and he and his good wife live in a real home on top of the hill. Mr. Tiedeman showed me where he residod in a house-boat. Some of the residents with whom I first became acquainted are Mr. and Mrs. Fred Sass, Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Moran, Mr. Frank Grey, Mr. and Mrs. Ed. V. Sheldon, Mr. and Mr . C. J. Stulting, Mr. and Mrs. S. H. Cornell, Mr. John Holzscheiter, Mr. and Mrs. 0. W. Herms, Mr. and Mrs. Beck, Mr. and Mrs. Henry Remling, Mr. Tom Hill and family, "Uncl Bob" icks and family, Mr. David Clark and family, Mr. B. H. Hermanson and family, Mr. and Mrs. Scudder, Mr. and Mrs. Freeman Leach, Mr. and Mrs. S. E. Miller, Mr. W. McIntyre, Mr. and Mrs. Clyde Da o, Mr. and Mrs. Emil Nyman, Mr. and Mrs. S. eimi, Mr. and Mrs. A. W. Beijar, Mr. Karl Olson and family, Mr. Teiderman, fr. Frank Howarth, Mr. L. . Draughn and family, and Mr. L. L. Pearcy and sister. Some of those who ettled here shortly afterward are Mr. and Mrs. Rolla Draft, Mr. and Mrs. M. Broersma and family, Mr. and rs. S. B. Davi , Mr. and Mrs. James H. Casey and daughter, Mary, Mr. and rs. Tony De ries, fr. Peter DeBoer, fr. and Mrs. Tom Fluke, Mr. and 1r . S. offsinger, and Mr. and Mrs. Fred Rowan. There were a few like the araway, the icks, the lark, and the Hill families who had always lived here; the rest had come from all parts of the country. My capital havino-becom badly depleted by my long sickne s, my first consid ration w _as to secure employm nt. The Port Rich y Company, a real estate concern o ning the land on which was located the townsite of hat is now ew Port Richey and most of the adjoining land, offered me work which I gladly accept d. My first work was that of a stenographe r in th ir offic ; later I dr the Ford that carried prosp tivc settler from Tamp1 to Port Richey. While with the Port Richey ompany, I kept in touch with my fri nd in ichigan and soon a number o!

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28 THE GENESIS OF NEW POR T RICHEY them became interested in this section. After moving my family from St. Johns, Michigan, in June, 1914, I built a small house on the ridge, t " blocks east of Mirror Lake. e camped in those two rooms for four years, and they are now the kitchen, bath-room and bed-room of our present residence, Hillcrest, on Central Boulevard. This 80-foot street was known by us earlier settlers as Michigan avenue, and was so designated on the first maps. On e of our early accomplishments as a community was securi::lg favorable action by the County Board cf Education for the establishment of a school, as set fcrth elsewhere in this work. The playing of the hymn, " earer My God to Thee," by Mr. Hermanson on his cornet one Sundc.y in the summer of 1914 was the in piration that lead to our first religious service. While the tones of this beautiful hymn were being borne along by the evening breez s, Mrs. DeVries was on her way to call on & neighbor. rriving at this lady's horn , she found hE:r in tear ~ -nd soon learned that the playing of the hymn reminded her how much she missed the Sunday religious worship of her former home. s Mrs. Devries also missed the religious services she had b en accustomed to hearing on Sunday, she said, "Why grieve over omething that we, ourselves, can remedy? We have the beautiful palm grove by the ri er, God's own temple, and our people would urely njoy meeting ther for r ligious worship. Let's get busy and arrange it." The next morning, Mrs. De ries saw sev ral of our settlers and it was arranged. Mr. Draft furnished the necessary lumber and Mr. Joe Smith, Mr. Cornell, and other carpenters built the platform, pulpit and seats under the oaks and palms; that platform for public speaking remains to this day. otices were po ted and word was passed on to Port Richey and to the surrounding settlers. When unday came, a horse and wagon was secured and an organ hauled from the home of C. J. Poole. Just as we were ready to begin the services with practically every p rson in the community, rep~esen ting many denominations, pres n , the Rev. Mr. Tompkie , a Methodist Episcopal pastor from Tarpon Springs, drove up and was urged to preach the first sermon, bich he did. The Rev. Mr. Keith, a former Baptist minister, who recently resigned as postmaster at Elfers, walked over to ew Port Richey to deliver our second sermon. The Hon. J. M. Mitchell was also one of the first to address us. !though we sometimes had flea bites and chigger bites as a result of our ser ices in the out-of-doors tempi , it was a beautiful and inspiring place for worship. A Sunday chool was soon organiz d and among the first teachers were Mrs. E. . Sheldop, Mrs. Will Bragg, . J. Poole, and Mrs. G. M. DeVries. s the weath r b cam ool r in the fall, th place of meeting was changed to the schoolroom on the s cond floor in the Idlewile a artments and here the first Christmas tre and ercis w r~ h Id. Here also were rain d the first funds for a church building on the lot given by the Port Richey Company, where th present M thodist church now stands. It was started as a community church, but funds wer borrow d from the

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30 THE GENESIS OF NEW POR T RICHEY petition that I be a:ppointed Post Master. These petitions were favorably considered and the post office was established here under the name of New Port Richey, Florida. My commission as post master was received in August, 1915. My work with the Port Richey Company had come to an end and I had no place in which to put the post office. Messrs. Hermanson and Draft came to the rescue and offered space in their hardware store. The first post office :fixtures consisted of a dry goods box divided into compartments. This dry goods box, a rough work table, and my work room took up about forty-eight square feet. With the post office on my hands and no other source of income, I . found myself in a predicament. My compensatio~ at first was less than $25 per month. Again the settlers showed the stuff of which they are made. They suggested that I secure a commission as notary public and a fire insurance agency and handle the same in connection with the post office. They promised to give me their business, speaking not only for themselves, but for the town. It was difficult to convince insurance companie of the advisibility of establishing an agency in this community. Company after company turned me down, but I :finally secured the agency for two companies. The first property insured here by this agency was what is now the Pfaff home. ew ttlers kept coming in; homes and busine s places were going up, the hard road was completed to Aripeka; and, in spite of the European war, there were good p1 ospects that our town would continue to develop. My wife and I appreciated the wisdom of our having located here, but we needed more money than we were earning and felt that we should move to Tampa where I could secure better wages. It was hard to tell what was best to do. We studied the matter from every angle and had about decided to go. But in the lives of all come times when it seems that God takes charge and directs our action in spite of preconceived plans. One day, while hawing some "pro pects" over the land, I was in a very despondent mood thinking that we w re about to leave this place, and I decided to ask God what was best to do. Almost immediately, I heard a commotion overhead and, looking up, beheld an eagle fighting a hawk that held a fish in its talons. The hawk was forced to give up its prey and the fish fell at my feeta three-quarter pound mullet. Realizing that this fish brought by the birds was an answer to my prayer and that the Lord would direct us, I picked it up and carried it home. We prepared this token from the sky and at it, not so much for its food value as an expression of our faith that somehow verything would work out to our good and that God would help us if we remained. We have had some difficult times and trouble sine but, almost immediately on reaching our decision to stay, events began to shape th mselves more to our advantage. In order better to advertise New Port Rich y, to help build up a winter touris t busin s s , and to co-op rate with new-comers, a board of trade was organized during the winter of 1915-1916. Mr. John G. Holzscheiter was PAGE 36 THE GENESIS OF NEW PORT RICHE Y 31 its first president and I was the seer tary. This body was instrumental in bringing much favorable attention to the town. We also secured the recognition of the arious st te and national good-road associa~ionn which finally resulted in this highway being made a part of the state road syst m. ew Port Richey, having successfully pas ed through the period of infancy and growth, we now enter upon a new and greater ra, for in the proph tic words of the dying Indian chief, Mucoschee, given back in the seventeenth century, " hen even the memory of this people (the Calusas) is forgotten, the Great p iri shall gi e this land to anoth r-a strange people made up of e cry tongue, yet speaking the same l""nguage-from the east and the west, from the north and the south, they shall come, and they shall possess the land and on this river of beauty and enchantment they shall dwell in numbers greater than the number of the palm leaves that rustle on the evening breeze the river's winding length, even from the Trident Palm to the Altar of Toya by the sea. And they shall remain here always in peace and happiness, for they shall know the Great Spirit." First Stat Bank of w Port Richey, Op n d October 15th, 1921 CHURCHES ommunity Church.-Th Rev. 0. H. D nny. hurch of Our Lady, Qu en of P ace.-Fa h r Felix, 0. S. B. Baptist hurch.-Th R v. B. M. Pack; s s in Snell Hall. thodist Episcopal hur h , Soutb.-Th R . R. How'3ll. PAGE 37 32 OUR PUBLIC SCHOOL By DORIS WRIGHT The first public school in that time, the children of ew Port Richey was opened in 1914. Before ew Port Richey had been going to school at Port Richey. The road then u ed was what is now fadison Street, running north through the ownsite, crossing Massachusetts Avenue and continuing n01~th through the Hill farm. The deep sand and the long, roundabout ay made it very difficult for the children to attend school regularly. At this time, the school board could not provide a suitable schoo! house for ew Port Richey. To make it more convenient for the pupils, it was decided to rent rooms for the school until such time as the school board could build a school house. Therefore, the house on entral Avenue, now known as the Idle yle, was rented; the upper story b came the home of the first school in ew Port Richey. Miss orrine Tate of Dade City was the teacher. About the middle of the year, Miss Minnie Jones became assistant to Mil:s Tate. Their pupils numbered about thirty. In the summer of 1915, the Board of Public Instruction of Pasco County let the contract for building the first public school-house in ew PoPt Richey. It was located on Main Street at the corner of Madison, where it still stands. It was completed in time for the beginning of the school year, 1915-1916. The school year generally begins in September. Miss Julia Harn was the teacher and Miss Eva McKeathen was her assistant. The pupils numbered about thirty. In the fall of 1916, Mrs. Brummette became principal with Miss Knight as assistant. The principal resigned in December and was succeeded by Miss Johnnie D a.vis who remained until the end of the school y ar. In 1917-1918, Mrs. Brummette opened the school as principal with Mr. Frank Ingram as assistant, and with about thirty-five pupil~, of whom seven were graduated from the common-school grades, viz., Amorita DeVries, Alberta Von Vorhist, Donald Booth, Olaf Ericson, Rhea Leach, Helen Rieder,, and Emma Loyce Ingram. The nearest high school for them was at Tarpon Springs, eight or nine miles away. The year 1918-1919 was opened with Miss Louisa Leach as principal and Miss Laura Van Poucke as assistant. They had about sixty pupils, of whom Reginald Sims, Ch~rles Lentz, and James Burns were graduated. The next year, 1919-1920, was made memorable by troubles within the school and litigation without. The school was opened in the fall of 1919 with Mr. C. W. Martin as principal and Miss O'Berry as assistant, both of whom soon resigned. Then Mrs. George Wanner became principal with Mrs. Oren and Mrs. Lapham as assistants. In a few weeks, these thr .. resigned their positions and for the next few weeks th~ school was in the PAGE 38 THE GENESIS O F NEW PORT RICHEY 3:J ',Ole care of Mr. William Lightfoot, after which the year was completed with Mrs. Rach 1 Kirkman as principal and Miss Bessie Goodman and Mrs. Anice Rosebrough as assistants. Th re were about seventy pupils and Marguerite rens, Margaret Albritton, John asson, and David Dowling were graduated. The year was further marked by an effort of the Board of ublic Instruction to unite the schools at Port Richey and ew Port Richey in a new building for which a 5-acre tract on the Rock Road, .some distance north of fassachusetts venu . had been bought by the Board. This attempt to make most of the ew Port Richey children go so far b yond th cent r of population was strenously opposed by most of the citiz ns of the new town and litigation followed. In the nd, the 5-acre tract was sold and the Port Rich y school was consolidated with the larger school at ew Port Ric~ y. The school year 1920-1921 was b gun with Miss Ruth Davis as princi-1>al, and with Mrs. Cripe and Mrs. C. . Tansill as assisstants. In January, Miss Davis was succeeded as principal by Mr. Carl Cripe. The enrolment of pupils was about one hundred and fifteen. As had been the case in some previous years, the Board of Public Instruction had not sufficient funds to maintain the schools for the full school year and the ew Port Richey citizens were called upon in public me ting at Snell Hall to subscribe money needed for the purpose. A total of four hundred dollars was -secured and the schools w re kept open until the last Friday: in May, when Doris Miles, Ji~ern Brake, Marion Good, Edric Higgins, Mary Clark, Viola Ericson, Gertrude Ste euson, Ione opeland, Doris Wright, Wharaust Rothera, Walter Beijar and Wilfred Bailey were graduated. The school term of 1921-1922 was opened with Mr. Cripe as principal -and Mrs. Cripe, Mrs. Albritton, and Mrs. Tansill as assistants. The enrollment of pupils was about one hundred and fifteen. About the middle of the term, a diptheria epidemic broke out and it became necessary to -close the school for the month of January. When school re-opened, only three teachers were required, and Mrs. Albritton retired. The school board did not have sufficient funds to maintain the schools for the full term, so we had "subscription school" as had been done before. School closed April 28. The graduates were Barbara Burns, Willa Golder, Walter Casson, and John Beijar. School op ned for the term of 1922-1923 with Mr. Crip as principal and Miss Pinholster, Mrs. lbritton, and Mrs. Cripe as assistants. The -enrollment was one hundred and twenty. Th eventh and eighth grades Gulf High School building. Th year 1923-1924 was one of almost univ r al dissatisfaction that result d in arousing the Parents and Teachers Club and the voters of ew Port Richey. The principal was a very young man who had never before taui;ht school. aturally, school disciplin was lax or wanting and instruction unsatisfactory. t the end of the school year, a change was demand d and s ured. For the y ar 1924-1925, the s hool was put in the charg A. Tansill, as principal, with Miss Bessie Bayl ss and Mrs. britton as h r assistant . -Th Editor. of Mrs. C. ynthia 1- PAGE 39 34 THE GULF HIGH SCHOOL By EDWIN S. DEW The Gulf High School came into being on the 18th day of September, 1922. The auditorium of the new$40,000 building on the south bank of the Cotee River not being then completed, the opening exercises were held in the Community church. Forty pupils were enrolled in the first three grades of high school during the first week and several were added later. Three rooms were equipped in the new building and Principal McBeath lost no time in organizing classes which began work immediately. Although hamper~d by the lack of special equipment and the disturbance incident to the completion of the building, very creditable. work was done from the beginning. Pupils from thirteen state::; were enrolled. The foremost school organization was the Avery Literary Society, which held regular meetings every other Friday afternoon. Debates, plays, dialogues, recitations, readings, essays, and impromptu addresses were amongs the numbers appearing on the programs. Public entertainments were not possible during the first semester owing to the fact that the auditorium was not seated and the electric lights not installed. Class organizations wer~ maintained in each class in school. A student's athletic association was organized and the boys were enabled to play several games of baseball-thanks to Dr. A very for the gift of a complete baseball outfit, but no other athletics were attempted because of the lack of funds for equipment and preparation of grounds. The girls organized a domestic science class under the supervision of Mrs. Harriet Ticknor, County Home Demonstration Agent, and made splendid headway in equipping a room for their club, money being raised by giving a pilau. Early in the year a school paper, "Gulf-Hi-Life," was begun under the supervision of the faculty with Marion Bowman of '24 anc Doris Wright '25 as editor and associate editor respectively. Gulf-Hi-Life was well received and pro,-ed valuable in developing school spirit among the pupils and maintaining general interest in -'-he school affairs among the public. Some of the boys placed between the building and the high way, a :fl~g-pole from which :floats, in "business hours," a fine . S. flag-the gift of Dr. Avery. The faculty was as follows: T. J. McBeath, principal; Edwin S. Dew, English and History; Miss Mabel aring, Latin and Science. Miss Waring resigned at Christmas and Mi..,s Kate Caplinger took her place. Editorial ote.-In 1923-1924, Edwin S. I :ew was principal with Mr. J. H. St. Clair, Miss Mary Bohman, Miss Maude Fant, and Miss Anna Ley as assistants. For the year 1924-1925, the appointments are Albert Co ert, principal, J. H. St. lair, Miss Elizabeth Humphries, Mi ss Vivia Craig, and Miss Lucinda Allen as assistants.

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35 LAST :BUT NOT LEAST In the opening chapter of this little book, mention was made of the Richey family from whom the settlements on the Cotee took their names. But Captain Richey was not the first to build his cabin here; he came in 18t3. James W. Clark, Sr., was born in Colleton County in South Carolina,.September 29th, 1838. He entered the Confederate army in 1861 anq; for the momentous four years, served in Lee's army in Virginia. In 1871, he moved to Brooksville, Florida, where in 1872, he married Fannie L. Hope of that town. In 1874, the couple moved to the banks of the Pithlachascote~iver and established a home in what is now .Port Richey, where the ijay ~ea hotel stands. There were born five children, all of whom are liv\_Ilg, namely, Mrs. F. S. Liles of Tarpon Springs; David H. Clark of Port".Richey, one of our county commissioners; James W. Clark, Jr., of ew Port Richey, chief of our fire department; Mrs. Oscar W. Herms of Port Richey; and Victor M. Clark of Live Oak, Florida. The father of the famHf died at Tarpon Springs, July 21, 1913. Malcolm M. Hill, a native of Florida, came hither at about the time that James W. Clark, Sr., came. With him came his wife, whose maiden name was Emma E. Hancock. They made their home on what is now the Casson property on Massachusetts avenue. They had six children, one of whom, George, is dead. The others, Thomas J., John T., Clarence M., Carrie E., and Alice (now Mrs. Henry icks) are living. Mr. Malcolm Hill now lives at Tarpon Springs. Mr. Robert icks ( better known as Bob) was born in Leon County, Florida, about 71 years ago. He subsquen tly lived at Spring Lake, in Hernando County, about eight miles from Brooksville. He settled at Port :Richey on the Cotee River in 1904 and, as a large property owner, has lived there ever since. He married Latha Hope; of his 7 children, 4 : re now living, namely; Henry, Mike, Frances (now Mrs. Hancock of Miami), 'and Lonnie (now Mrs. :Victor M. Clark of Live Oak.) Every one residing in the Cotee Valley knows of "Bob" icks, except those who arrived yesterday. Some of the others who came hither in 1915 or earlier, are W. N. Hargraves, B. H. Hermanson, ar.d W. L McIntyre, in 1911; Frank B. Haworth, Emil ymar., August Olson, Ralph Werner, and Dan Wesa, in 1912; Frank I. Grey, Simon off inger, Karl O. Olson, Cornelius J. Stulting, James A. Swallow, Gerben De ries, and August Wick, in 1913; Fred LaFrancc, Anthony J. Pauels, H enry . R mling, and F. . Tiedeman, in 1914; M. Broersma, H. H. Havens, W. K. Jahn, Henry Kamuren, F. S. Sali bury, Harry E. orthrup, Fred Rowan, Mrs. Fred Rowan ( for distinguished s vice), and J. Henry Sheldon, in 1915. Of course, the list is not compl t .

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36 Write Now for Bargains In Improved and Raw Lands, Orange Groves, Home Sites, Homes o r Lots QUICK RETURNS TO INVESTORS We guarantee, absolutely without misrepresentation and backed by actual photogTaphs and affidavits , if desired , any property offered for sale by the Seminole Point Realty Company to be exact ly as described to prospective purchasers . FRANK A. BOWMAN, Manager Ask For Booklet New Port Richey W. J. BRONK Carpenter and Cabin etmaker Ice boxes built to order old boxes repaired , furniture repaired , saws filed. Cedar on Hand to Make Cedar Chests New Port Richey , Florida BREAD Froni the DIXIE BAKERY Is Always Fresh Stop in at our bake shop on Saturdays and get a fresh Bretzel for your lunch . .... Also pies , cookies , rolls and anything fresh you prefer. Come and give your order for your Sunday cake like your mother used to make. Save yourself from b a king in these hot sum mer months.

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Port Richey Drug Store The Pioneer Store It has grown up with our town; carries the l a rgest stock and largest variety of g oods o'f any Drug Store this side of Tamp. For nine years we have made our own Ice Cream and have built up a high reputation for the same. The quality of Ice Cream is measured by the amount of butter-fat it contains. We g uarantee our Ice Cream to contain more butter-fat than any other Ice Cream sold around here. Our prices for Ice Cream are : 5 gallon lots --$6.25 2 gallon lots ----3.00 1 gallon lots 1.50 ~:r .. :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::<~:::::::::: ::g You al ways find what you need in this store. B. H. HERMANSON, Proprietor Port Richey Dry Goods Company This store also was here before we had any town, and has grown up with the town. We carry a full line of Piece Goods, Notions, Gents' Furniishing s and a large stock of the well known Star Brand of Shoes for Ladies , Men, and Children. In many instances our prices are lower than Tampa prices. Your will help your town by trading at home. B. H. HERMANSON, Proprietor 37 PAGE 43 38 Have You Any Sickness, Dislocation or Pain FROM WHICH YOU HA VE OBTAINED NO PERMANENT RELIEF 1 If so, you cannot afford to neglect investigating what Nature will do for you , in spinal adjustment. Physical methods will re lieve you of your pain , or make you well. D R. JOHN BILHIMER Naturopathic Physician Office Hours 8-12 , 1-5 Snell Building. HH PORT RICHEY NOVELTY WORKS MANUFACTURERS OF Windows H H Doors, Moldings Inside Trim CARL BAER PAGE 44 E. NYMAN Contractor and Builder ..... . Estimates Cheerfully Furnished New Port Richey Florida ''Dear Folks'' We carry a full line of High Grade Groceries Staple and Fancy " QUALITY AND SERVICE " WE DELIVE R " Nuf Sed' Standard Grocery MRS. J . FRASER , Proprietor 39 PAGE 45 1:0 When You A-fishing Go You naturally want an experienced Pilot. One who knows the fishing gTOund , and c _ onvenient harbo rs in rough weather. There is no fish in the Gulf that knows the l ay of the land on the coast better than Pilot Wells, and he has a sturdy -boat , ocean wise , and dependable. Guy Wells, Licensed Pilot HANS A. H .il.NSEN Test my ability and prices once and you will call n me again. Land c l earing , fencing and set out to grove and cared 'for according to specification. W ell drilling and rustic building and grove work my specialty. BOX 191, NEW PORT R ICHEY , FLORIDA L.C.LUPPENS Contractor And Build e r NEW PORT RICHEY FLORIDA Estimates Cheerfully Given and Inquiries Answered PAGE 46 Sims Motor Company On the Dixie Highway. New Port Richey Storage for 50 Cars CEMENT FLOOR THROUGHOUT Work Guaranteed on All Makes of Cars FORD SERVICE AND REPAIRS Gas, O ils , Tires , Tubes, Accessories J. C. SIMS, Proprietor ===================-HORTICULTURAL GARDENS HH O RNAME N TAL TREES , SHRUBS A N D P LANTS Specialty Growing OSCAR HERMS , FLOR I S T New Port Richey , Florida WHENEV E R You S E E HH You MAY KNOW Th a t the Hel p ing Hand Publicity Bureau p1epared the copy , whether it s a movie slide a follow up letter or a newspaper ad. Give us a c hance to estimate on your work. Helping Hand Publicity Bureau Box 326 , HH . New Port Richey , Florida 41 PAGE 47 . 42 Recreation Building Eat NEW PORT RICHEY ROSS and JACK SON Proprietors â€¢ Drink Smoke News Stand LADIES' HAIR DRESSING PARLOR Shave BEST CANDIES AND THE CHOICEST CIGARS AND CIGARETTES We Came Years Ago to New Port Richey We came to stay and sell t he best groceries every day in the year. That is our business policy and on this . policy we build successfully. Our g uaran tee stands back of the goods we sell. THE CITY MARKET J. H. Sheldon HH NEW PORT RICHEY FLORIDA H. 0. Sheldon PAGE 48 WQr N rllt Jnrt 1!HrQry Jrrnn W . M . H E THE RINGTON, P ropriet o r GUARANTEED CIRCULATION OVER 1300 COPIES WEEKLY THE ADVERTISING M EDIUM FOR WEST PASCO COUNTY ~artitular J}rinting O f All K inds Skillfully Executed by Experienced Workn1en 43 PAGE 49 44 Colee River C l ub Organize d Februar y 1 s t , 1921 President , Elroy M. Averry. Treasur e r , S. B . D avis . Secreta ry , W . M . Hetherington. Commodore, Geo1 ge R. Sims. All n, W.R. Ander':lo r. , D . W. Baxter, Arthur N . Baxter, . R. Bailey, J . B'1.rnet t, . W. Barber, A . M. Boardma!l, H B. Bond, H. E. Burns, . F. Burns, James Burns, W . E . Baer, C!:i r l Bie, Capt. 0 . N. Billhimrir, Dr. J . Calais, F. W. Cas y, W. A . Clark, J. W. Col berP-, H . Conover, R. F. Cc.rkran, Harry raft, C. E. C ritchl ey, W. H. Camp b ell, Ed. Chapin, Ben E. Davis , B. Dacoma, Davies , R. DeVries, G. Fre d king, A. G. Goodm:tn, D r. M. Hall, . M . Hall, W . H . Ha ve:h s , H . H. Holbrook, C . D . Holbro0k, G. S. Hollantl, G . Humphr y, J . 0 . Hunt, W.W. Huntington, C. W. Jacks n, J . S. Jahn, W. K. Kal ey, E. W. LaMotte , A . K. Lang, 0 . W. Luder; 1 , L. McK II, Jas . Maytum, J . Ma on, H. W. Miller, C. F. Morgan, R. Morey, W. J . Muller, C. L. Ison, John yman, E. Palmer, laren e Phare, J . J . Phinney, 0 . K. Pike, W. Potter, C . Pott r, J o . Pool e, A. R. Preetorious, W. Randall, W. E . Ravenhr..11, R. R oss, S . J . Roth ra, H . Rowan, F. Salisbury, G. F . Sass, Fre d immons , Mrs. Lucy Streeter, J . E. Stover, V. B. Tied man, Von d e r B o ch, 0 . , v . Vickers, I . Wells, Guy Wick, E. A. Wilkes, E. Y . , r. Wilkes, E. Y. Jr. Williams , F. B . Williamson, . H ulp, Theodore Yor, . F. Zimmerman, W . L. PAGE 50 Attention Before you buy real estate in New Port Richey be sure to see Mrs. J . W. Kilborn. She has lived in this town a good while, and whether you want a HOME, a GROVE, TRUCK LAND or POULTRY FARM , she will be glad to assist you in securing it at the very best price. Mr. J. W. Kilborn handles an UP-TO-DATE line of FEED and GRAIN for poultry and live stock. YOU WILL LOSE rt' you fail to call at Moran's Feed Store and get acquainted with these people. AMERI CAN PLAN F. L. WALSH, Proprietor Enchantment Inn cozy and HOMELIKE IN EVERY SENSE The House by the Side of the Road ROOMS WITH PRIVATE BATH Telephone Connection Open Year Round 45 PAGE 51 46 SOME OTHER LOCAL INSTITUTIONS Library Associates-The Library Associates, organized with che purpose of aiding and abetting the work of the Avery Library in every way, meets on the second Friday of each month at the homes of the members. Mrs. Ethelyne L. Wilcox, president; Mrs. Fonnie Salisbury, and Mrs. Elroy M. Avery, vice-presidents; Mrs. Edith Van Doren, secretary; Mrs. Kate Dane, treasurer; Mrs. Lillian Schoolcraft, superintendent of juvenile department. Civic Club-A ladies' organization for the welcoming of new comers and for the movement in favor of a greater New Port Richey. All ladies welcomed. Meets on th second and fourth Wednesdays of each month at Snell Hall; 3 p. m. rs. Fred Rowan, president . Public Utilities--New Port Rich y is lighted by elect1icity, which is supplied by the. Gulf tilities Company. The same company also manufactures and supplies ice the year round. Water System-Owned by W. E. Randall. Mains laid throughout town, and xtensions being rapidly made. Non Partisan Club-Devoted to public works and improvements. Meets on the first and third Mondays of each month at Palms Theatre. J. S. Jackson, pr sident. Fire Departme nt-ew Ford truck, chemical equipment, with well organized volunteer department. See second page of cover. J . W. Clark, Jr., Chief. Base Ball Club -Frank I. Gr y, manager; J. W. Clark, Jr., treasurett; Frank Bechtol, secretary. Modern Wood.men of America-Frank I. Grey, counsel; Chas. nell, clerk. Meets at Sn 11 Hall. PAGE 52 47 INSURANCE BONDING REAL ESTATE NEW PORT RICHEY, FLORIDA Cool Rooms Home Cooking Hote1I lle'Wpori FAMILY HOTEL AND RESTAURANT On the Dixie Highway Short Orders at All Times M. BROERSMA, Prop. NEW PORT RICHEY, FLORIDA Jalmn WQratr r Moving pictures on Tuesday and Saturday evening ' s at eight o'clock. JOHN S. JACKSON Proprietor Freigh t and E x press Mark your freig 'ht to PORT RICHEY, and route via Seaboard Air Line Railw a y , south of Jacksonville. Ship your Express to New Port Richey. We sell American Railway Express Money Orders. For inform a tion add r ess L. M . GOHEEN Ag' ent. PAGE 53 48 Port Richey Hardware & Supply "THE PIONEER STORE" Since 1914 The Oldest Established Business in Town Honest merchandise , fair prices and cour â€¢ teous treatment have enabled us to build our business during the past ten years . We appreciate the splendid patronage ac corded us by New Port Richey and the surrounding teui~ry during the past , !iml solicit a continuance of same . Hard ware is Our Middle Name R. DRAFT Proprietor I PAGE 54 ESTABLISHED 1911 Port Richey Company CAPITAL$100 , 000.00 Owners and Developers of the Town of NEW PORT RICHEY , Florida And Surrounding L a nds â€¢ GEO. R. SIMS, President New Port Richey , Florida 49

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50 INDl~ X H i s tori ca l rip k n aw Mill .......................... ] 6 A ry, Elroy M . .... 6, 11, 4, ov r 3, Bimin i .............................................. 1 .......................................... 3 1 Fir p a r men l ......... ........... o r 2 Fi vay ................................................ 1 6 F lorida ........................... ....... 2, 1 2, 15 Florida L"nd I m p r m nt . .... 1 5 o ulh ........................ 12 ne:is of w Port R i h y 1 35 uilfo r d, "\ . E ............................... 1 7 Hill, M c.l o l m I I. .................... 1 6, 35 J a I s n, A d vert i s in g L i b rar ...... ov r 3, pag 24 arl ........................................ 3 r. John ........................ 3 ......................... 36 L umb r o . . .. .4 lub ................. .44 . â€¢â€¢6 . 5 h p ................................ 7 Draf , R .......................................... 4 Inn ........................ .45 1 p r S 3 and Fr i ht ..................... .47 lat Bank ............... ..... cov r 4 L on, Juan Pon Hans n, Han ................................. .40 Masonic ........................................... 23 II lping Hand P ublicit Bur au .... 4 1 Moran, J . II. 2 1 II rm ' < ar W. .4 1 arv:::. z . 12 IT rman . l R b 35 n , B . II. ............................ 37 lC-: , rt ................................. . . .. 40 irs l ................ 22 a p t. . M . ................ 1 5 5 . 10 . P . K . ............................ 15 . and P. L ..................... 1 6 Wright, Miss oris ..................... 3 2 40

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â€¢â€¢. m4t â€¢.. Auery iribrary & ifistnriral ~nriety FOUNDED BY ELROY M . AVERY AND INCORPORATED IN 1919 Ofl'FICl!:R S ELROY McKENDREE AVERY PRES I DENT CHAUNCEY F . YORK VICE PRES 1 DENT CHAS . F . HOFFMAN TREA S URER MRS . E . L . WILCOX S ECRETARY TRUSTEES ELROY M. AVERY WARREN E . BURNS CHARLE& F . HOFFMAN MRS. J . W . K I LBORN FRED SA SS GEORGE R . SIMS MRS, ETHELYNE L . WILCOX CHAUNCEY F . YORK FIVE THOUSAND BOOKS The Library is open from 3 to 5 on afternoons of Wednesdays and Saturdays; in the Sims Building on Main Street East of the Boulevard. Supported by mem bership fees of on dollar per year , the philanthropic efforts of The Library Associates, (ladies) and the gifts o'f individuals. CALL AND SEE You Will Find A Welcome We want any good book that you can spare; we need more money for enlarged service; we must soon have our own fire-proof building. Please lend a hand now and remember us in your will

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CHAS. M. PRICE, President C. F. YORK, Vice-President CHAS. W. BARNETT, Cashier CHAS. M. PRICE C. F. YORK CHAS. W. BARNETT S. B. DAVIS

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