Niugini Caver


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Niugini Caver

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Title:
Niugini Caver
Series Title:
Niugini Caver
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Papua New Guinea Cave Exploration Group
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Port Moresby, PNG: Papua New Guinea Cave Exploration Society (PNGCEG)
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English

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Regional Speleology -- Newsletters
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serial ( sobekcm )
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New Guinea -- Papua New Guinea -- Oceana

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Australian National University
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University of South Florida
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This item is licensed with the Creative Commons Attribution License. This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon this work, even commercially, as long as they credit the author for the original creation.
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K26-05661 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.5661 ( USFLDC Handle )

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PAGE 1

NEWSLETTER OF THE PAPUA NEW GUINEA CAVE EXPLORATION GROUP Volume 3 Number 4 December 1975 Registered at the General Post Office,,Port Moresby for transmission by post as a Qualified Publication.

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R 4 105 NJ.k,1.J.!Jl!:. is the newsletter of the Gui.naa Cave f.:-,. ,. •••• • • , .. # , *' 11 Notes on Some Caves on New Hanover and !\1akada t!slands. Further Caves in the HighJ.,:mds. Rick Giddings ,. • ", -,, .. f,, JJ Nenduma Cave, Bougainvilla Island., H. Meier .•• ,, .. q" •• t. !j. * •• 15 )\ .i\,., ;! , *' • f.\ Further Two Caves from.New Ireland. H.,. Gallasch N., • Obungeram Cave is Bottomed.. Tim Sprod 41,, 'ii' •• ,. 1• Ii> ....... ••• , • .tl t .... , ., I\ Trip to the Galavi t-Pondo Area of the Baining Mountains, NeuJ Britain. Leigh Gleeson International Congress of Speleolog)' ., .u 1" •. ii .. 3' ", * ;j. j ..... ,j.. 111 t ;'! •• \j. • ., J PersonaJJ.ty ... Hall Gallasch Pas;ui 106 108 108 108 109 111 118 119 123 126 132 133 134 135 137 139 140-141 143 144 .. .. A Baining schoolboy ona of the horseshoe bats ha has killed in caves near Iuvare Village. New Britain. Other bats are wrapped in the leaf parcel. Flying bats and insec't5.\JfJUrous bats from caves are sometimes fie ant food sources in certain areas in P .N. G.. bats are so named because of the highly specialized growths on thair faces whict'l resemble a horseshoe, believed to be linked with echolocation,., They are among the most common insect eating bats in Photo by R. M., Bout"ka ..

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,,, P atitm"' not (,'Jl'et:i ln the world a the Eidi ten: of' k ar fjt could dt:i W by N .c. au'thorH Perhaps the feelings one has such as i aro and Britain, create such river1 and yet it is a chambet• 274 m lc1ng, on north west BougainvillE't the magnificent tower rugged arete and"pinnacle reland? To say a riv.et' cliff face or 'the pitch cryst.als with splashes and bats does photographers and people have not really the old units of measurement. sciunds bigger than one 274 by 152 >,< ick muErt ba . tedious and stremuous u t new technique-• .• • •* ascent by means of a pruss I shall be most merit serious considei-ation. n Moresby based caver., to a to hear of the results of your experiments, as they a letter dated July, 1957 by David caver in an expedition to since then. Almost all single rope techn'itjuas (SRT) techniques have come in N.G. is done the CHVe and prussiking out on a rope. The safety amongst some of the John Webb the world. In particular the rope New Ireland have how to protect the. rope from . protectors, such as cannot slip allowing the at Pmd u1alk G

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NIUG VOLUME 3

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NIUGI served as a didiman in the • in Melbourne, The price includes the before Christmas postage freight has to despatch the goods. is For the address le to 4 00 m and the? sy and

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NIUGINI VOLUME 3 NUMBER 4 Kevan Wilde * article was compiled from correspondence from Kevan Wilde and from Goroka just after Kevan left the tripo All figures quoted until surveys are drawn up and all 'the information is collated. and most ambitious speleological expedition to come to ... and indeed ever to leave England ... has now been concluded., the results is given(!j A fuller article will be published in of Niygini r=ever. (See maps pp 113-114). A lot of time was spent in this araa, major horizontal discovered there, Selminum The surveyed to ov.er 20 km• the length is not yet knowno a new length Jreoord for , but it is also a new Southern record as it is several kilometres Exit Cave in The cave was quite complex with one passage about 3.5 km very large were commonly more. than 30 m wide and depth but no depth was achieved., cave fauna a lot of interesting spaq:tmens collected only the fourth known species of cava fossil was found inside. Or. a paleontologist from Adelaide, cane up exa-nine the fimd, and it is a large mammal. At one. stage Dr. Wells was caught by a flash and had a narrow escape. The tJias also the site of an expedition's geologistf Crabtree, fell about 6 m off a about 1\II5 km inside the cave fractured his skull •. , He was re.moved 10 to a surraoe base camp near the cave• s entrance. The expadi= John Burchan, sawed up the o After a ttt10 week rest at this walked to Tifalmin and flew back to the main: base at Telef'omine Selminum Tam is another system:, Wok Kaakil Uneibo Tam. It was about L$-2 km passage leng'.th. The cave is ver)• near Selminum Temj 20 m separates the CH:ive,s, no connection was mac:tec. Other f'inim Tel area are two or three v-ery large collapsed type dolinese pi tchas of about 1 m or more in them. There are qui ta a and various caves. ThEu::-ca is no real depth potential resurgences are very on the Hindenburg Wall. All, the in perched sumps, because of an impe,rvious shale limestone. (See map c, p 114). A party visited Agim Tam and pushed it 170 m. The cave sump_ed down dip .... it has about 600 m potantwo went back to the area for a couple of weeks and turned up , . . . . II but none of • A group went up to Warn Tigiin Goroka, E.H.P., P.N.G* worm was collected from near lefomin, not Selminum Tam.

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110 and fouDd C:94P+a. sj.nJ,i<: 't fault CoAtrolled ($ea map e,. p .). _' spent Tiva weeks in .this area ••... l'bra ... party incltJd(!J(j. the fquT Beck, Roy Blackham, Jim f'arn.,oJ?tl:l my.self 41 40 shafts Although wall developed, these tended to choke between 30 and ?9 m -..:-Theo three deep holes were descended one :after another. The exact yet known, but they were about 230 m, 383 .aftct m respectively.;:J'bi.s to. five the number of caves in P.N.G. 8tttvw(9d over 300 m :A.11 t}\e c .. 1es along the main valley fault w•re tigh\1 •rr t.•H:bnical tram. • SRT ... -d becme quite nasty in wet conditions. TheJ:e. \de.r' no natural ,.e exceptions. All pitches had to be bolted. t@, depth potential :1-. atic!*t so. In one of the I."'1!fl by I! ''*' i&gs. J b!as about 100 m d(Mft at the a,nd. fWl98d to bad. be hauled up the 20 ,fl-• No tu!'okef11 , •. One of the other guys ne.a1:'iy 'g•t lort t*'-' $lm:Uar i.n a shaft. We lost tape dGtln a 50 at " '. • ' • . ., ' .. \ .• . ' • • . . -. .. ; ;.-; t • ' ,:. ' . ' Star Motptaie•• A two ... spent. t•o : .. the same areas as the systems of any importance ware . sQIDe interesting troglobites • r"o '. .. And they weren• t even b.iolog.i._ets:. .. .the . ,. . . / "-: J . . . ... ,::: .,\ . .. . . Smmary. Between .Sfld .. 49 •. . ,;)1,rveyed and about 150 shafts. WU'• c'Tlla .. ... >put 20 km. and the deepest at about M.' l'•a:et .a>a•ll of others about 150 m. , . ,. " '<'>;; .. '. -.,':_:v'•' Biologically the .• .... ...... &ttrtace insect species WH. .MW ... ological sit•s anli wav.e b•E:t•. ... eluded the trip but :i;J:le _,re g13nerally is considered to be •ore th&f!; ... cesft\tl• : ' We hope ta sell tne_ ot' >Ttie :10.ol< 1!;..ot.tt soma time next year. As.we1:1. will be some a series of papers on the bi.ologic•l results. ! :: 1 * *. ' • _,..

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CAVER VOLUME: 3 NUPlBER 4 111 AN ACCOUN'r or TH RECONNAISSANCE IN TH HINDENBURG RANGES AND AREA impressive, (estj, Robb's get over too fast 'recess' • the set off for porters and food was to walk a lengthy Winchcombe, obtained from and then photographs we would see packs and The with one * P.O. Box 1 Kevan A. Wilde * and informal account of the reconnaissance for the out by Howard Beck and myself. The original plan 11 recce9 followed by two patrols. The first patrol Telefomin to f i falmin acro$S the Hindenburgs, east looking at resurgences, to Imigabip and northfelafomin. .fhe second would have taken us from across the Ranges to the 9 big holes• (see map), down the bottom of the wall, looking at resurgences again, through the honeycomb karst, across the middle and thus northwards to Telefomin, which should meet the main party on about 27th June. However• ft Mte Hagen on the 4th April, 1975 in a Cessna 4020 The of Mt. Kaijende (Porgera), a magnificent spectacle of karst, and then slightly north of the McNichol of the River Strickland and over lake Kopiago; and into the Telefomin Valley. We unloaded the gear ' of the area, which encompassed the 'fault con-karst south of Telefomin, the Hindenburg Wall and finance would permit. The Wall was incredibly cliff faces and relief, which was around 1 OOO m to the standards one expects after reading • We could not see any obvious sinks and could not """""1"1> ... a•'il'" because of the rotten weather. The aircraft was far and I recommend a slow moving 'chopper' for future down, but was prepared to see what it looked like from was optimistic as usual. days sorting ourselves, the gear and the 'kai' out, we weeks rations. We had decided to use only four and found that we could only Just carry two weeks gear that meant abandoning our original plan. The new plan Urapmin and then look around from there. We had had talk with the Assistant Commissioner, Keith kind enough to put us up. So, using the information we decided to have a look at some sinks near Aiyung De Bom west of rugulil De Bom. (we had gone over the aerial picked some likely looking sinks and things.) We thought and we could carry so we set off' with . 25-30 kg 35-40 kgs. about 6 hours through undulating 'kunai' grassland exposed to the sun and no water. We got there [

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1 parched. r.rn.'118 nax lJJe decidEld that we would have to 30 kg. We at the 1haue for a couple of nights to our with the people and the envi.l"or'm1l'mt. relief with the sinks near at the back slopes of the to the north. saw us heading for our objective onn house only four hours walk away. So I told him td(3 towards the mountain,, and .we set off to mutterin9s of Plc:::1 no antap•, cutting our way as we "f:Jent. We the next two day hack"' through the bush towards the summi tt and when tJ& t11e four1d anyway. Didn't even get a view as it in excess of 3000 m and is covered in sub""' Umestona; we did not observe any apparent cave back slopes would prove So we set off back to one day's reasonable walking. Not too pleased, I might add. we were in the Tifalmin-Bufulmin Valley we to haua a We were taken to sane burial caves and a rock art site (see caves and rock art of the Telefomin area). We to h1teau area west of f"ugulil next. We also heard that had put a 'tambu' on the Ok Agim area which was to be the next area after the plateau. Dn 16th April we struck off towards Bahrman Mountains th food for ten days. We had seen a clearing on the aerial ideal for a base and our guide said that the track. went which was called finim Tell) It was a gruelling nine hour uphill cHmr the 3000 m high range, on to the plateau and through high f:.;h By the time we got to the hunting houses, I was t exist, wa were cold, soaki.ng wet, and not impressed e a feed and a nighVs rest things seamed different ••• It night wa decided that we would have a go at finding a large about 3-4 km south west of the base. The base, by tha way, was in a large clearing of sub-alpine grass and scrubland at about 2500 m 1 The clearing ise bisected by the Ok F'inim which flows southwards t30ffHJ 2.,. 3 km away, and Ok Tumak which flows westwards from the base of the Ok F'inim in the south west corner of the clearing"' The hJe would be suitable for an airdrop. (See map A) next morning we took the main Tabubil track which one of our said would take us near to the big doline that we were attempting ill He told us that he had baen there as a child ••• on a flying fox hunti •.:md koroka' (pandanus nut) collecting expedition and the name of the hole L<:"' Buum Tam. tite arrived there after a few hours of track fo and a Incredibly large, 150 m deep and 200 m across with sheer lL!!3 cou .Ld see a 1 arge cave entrance in the south \t.Je st corner and was Our guide showed us where the people used to go down hand-over ... rHmd to collect flying

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@ .-1' -) a.it' :i b-i p VlfLt.tge or h" !J! -+

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c.

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NIUGIN! CAVER We spent the next two days cutting type due south of our the first even more impressive than La it Tam (see appendix) with the fact that we had hit spot. there we had found a couple of likely vary looking vertical shaft halfway between the base and the with a and a sink that I named it Tam. (Our feature.) We were :\amazed and and up the $ides of the succeeded a system -heaven by impervious but the part of We camp for a timbers of a twenty-five man Howard decided that he should a generally Ha took a in. camp news found a cave entrance and and bitterly cold, decided to back to both that we were on to One night I was squatting in the bush on head a soggy next day Bufulmin Only us a afternoon and the following day weeks flown in and we were to go s still We had he was on a government patrol in the E better head back to Telefomin and have a the honeycomb karst area south opportunity meeting Councillor Two day The following for Mirok who came down the informed us that it had from the whole area. Just didn't scare the flying foxes with heaps of sinks a bit due in, in the next few until Sth but no to e that it would 1 5

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do lines 6th May down the night$' the Ok It took us three days he did not say "'""'"+!!' .... • We went a different way ranges just south of type-c.ountry and damned hard sides of the Telefomin first we had seen in two weeks, but we the steep sided, slippery slopes. had ''four stitches in the muscle for a couple of weeks. waiting far that elusive and I decided that Ji d have a the 'big'' holes. towards reramin9 past a the station and of Mt(; Wamtekin (correct m high. Keeping on track; it was fairly (3000 m a&s-. ) with a few -....i:;o11.J1•.:1 ... 'l:J•.r.. ... u area looked good and the back we flew directly over 3 NUMBER 4

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t k.m:niJ ac aft.etrH:Jtm the wa stories. camp, at up Keith then:e HmerJtone .. ;cubbiGh around Nll!GI it hit the limastor1e,. 28th May there 'big R could where I to m. tha Village (Ti without a than four hors$ porters 117 , found a 1ikeJ J..y guide for the at Mongabip (Bufulmin) so fire ta lling • tumbuna• arrit1ing at .. an we naxt to the cave Agim Tem area of not so dense bush. (See sketch Agim, but the river dry, so we follentrance. A decani sort of a hole overflow of the Ok Agim proper; wast (est), ,ans a sloping floor down was full of flying foxes and coavered in slimy guano. I don't 1 t must be about 2000 m plus and I suppose the sink could be a bit 600 mplus, not much; but it and so it could be a major bend in the Ok Agim, to cut our way over to the 'big 1: OOO geological map of the dry creek bed • upstrea11' in saw us at the it was choked boulders the camp by early afternoon and I started Back at camp I took a look at the aerial had either the holes or the creek in the we would hit a which looked the camp., Two days later we ware thtn"<'.l shaft in creemyt fossiliferous tuas a lot of siltstone and on the surf ace and immedi-we set off back for the Agim Tem that if we cut due there after five of bushed at least reasonable lookir19 shafts cm did not have time ta rough vicinity of hunting I went to and

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3 4 hole

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NIUGINI CAVER 3 l\.t!MBER 4 119 SOME: LE:GENOS9 A CA \1 ART SITE, BURIAL CAVES ANO ROCK SHELTERS •. •• ..... ' f .... ?',, ....... , :; : . . , . WITH POSSIBLE' ARCHAEOLOGICAL POTE:NTIAL THE TLEF'Or1IN. AREA OF TH WEST SEPIK ANO blESTtRN P.RO\IINCES Kevan A. Wilde * sites and legends recorded below were visited and collected by the writer and Howard Beck during April-May, 1975 k•hilst carrying out a field recon00 naissance for New Guinea 75 .. British Speleological Expedition to Papua Neta Guinea. This account is in note form and will be plt>lished in detail in the expedition report. The sites are located in the Bufulmin .... Ti_falmin Valley some 20-25 km due west of Telefomin, in the Hindenburg Ranges southaast of Tif'almin, and in the Ok Nong river valley some 10 km south of Telef'omin. The sites are recorded in order of sequence from west to TI fALMI N AREA The Tifalmin-Bufulmin area is the collective nee for a group of villages situated in a 11 kunai 11 grass valley drained by the Dk I ram which flows eastwards and joins the Ok Tekin (River Sepik) a km west of Telefomin. The villages are (from west to east) Amanabip, Namemdebip, f'asanabip and Mongabipo There are small areas of cultivation with taro gardening being the most predomirtant form of farm-ing; the being ustu1lly located in the ntunerous doUt.les and depressicms. Exposed limestone outcrops occur on both the northern and southern sides of the valley and continue to tbe tree line which is at an elevation of approximately 2000 m
PAGE 17

OK NONG sence o the at Agim) drains an the east for some 5 km, then some 4-5 km to the north is moderate to m occasional men-doline karst with some 5 km rock shows appear a to be

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121 -. .' .. , The Ok Nong drains the eastern pottioa df' Ranges sane 1 o km south of Telefomin, and flows into the Ok distance west of feramin. The topography and vegetati.o.n is to. ,Qk Agit(t .area. Site No. s. Borem Imal. A limestone ouerhang with a smoke blat:kened rock surface, and a dry earth floor showing signs of frequent use over a long period of time,., Situated approximately 12 km south southwest of' .Telefomin an the tra ditional trade route to Golgobip ( raigolmin er F'aiwolmin area). Possibly suit-able for archaeological excavations.., Not:: 6, Kuruku N,eng Imal. A limestone rock with a small chamber and heavily smoke stained walls and root with a dry, earth floor. At the rear of the chamber is a small shaft which may give access to a major cave system. The cave is an abandoned stream sink and therefore is probably subject to floor wash in the wet season; despite this the cave shows signs of frequent human use over a long period of time. The site 1s si t ... ated approximately 1 km along a hunting track that tl'avels westward$ along ttie :fat11lt controlled valley, 15 km due south of Telefomin and is on the main Telef'omin-f'aigolmin trade route. The following is a legend related to the writer by an. of' Mongabip Village and refers to a cave known as Agim Tam wbicP is lecated a few hundred metres north of the Ok Agim Sink. The same elder also provides tbe story about the cave near the Ok Iram. ttBefore, during the time of our ancestors, a ot men am:t women set off to hunt bats and flying foxes in a cave we call A.gJ.;m Tem. They cut a very long length of bush vine and lowered it down the bole-e . Tntn; with tbe exception of' a youth le f't to guard the entrance, they el1tnbad doldn. lalbilst they were down there a bad female spirit (Unang Mafak) with dogs' teoth fastelled around her forehead and wrists appeared at the entrance of the ea.we •. youth. was terr ibly frightened and ran away and hid in the female spirit then cut the vine with a stone axe and everyoae perished in :the bottom of the cave. *'Sometimes we go htJAtiag flying foxes iA Agia Tam. iantt we cam hear the cries of a spirit dog that belongs to he:JJ'. Also, after we h8ve killed the flying foxes it always rains." (It is interesting to .note that none of my. wottld talk about the evil female Spirit whilst we wer'e near 't.;.be 'they would only dis-cuss it in the safety of .the village., Hfhere is another cave near the banks and a long, long time ago a small group of our children went of:f to play aAd; hunt bats there, but the entrance of the cave closed off of i ta accord and the never seen again. n This latter tale is common in many p,arts Papua Ne.w Guinea where caves are widespread, particularly in the Chimbu (Parker, 19,67) o A similar story was

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NIUGINI CAVER VOLUME 3 NUMBER 4 related to the writer w:hilst on a field trip to Aibura Cave, in press)., There is a sto,ry of' a whole village disappearing a place near Telefolip. (a village southwest of Telefomin) that they still reside under the ground end from time to There are also tales of ' the road of the dead'' , and of the souls of' dead persons living iR caves. These manifest themselttes iA the form of flying foxes (parse The fin.al legend comes from an elder of tJrapmin Village 15 km due west at Teleford .. n1 Md relates to a sink hole and flood as Ruun rim whieb is lecated some 6 km southeast ef T'm. "Our grandparents say that tbere is a big snake lives near and if y()tt_kill the snake aftd its blood runs into the river cave, the river will flood and the person responsible., kill this snake you mf4et drag it into the bush and kill it. these snakes., tbey a:re everywnere and it is all kill Ruun (River Rwa.) • !! . . . REfERENCES. Galis, f< • td. (1957). De J...(2): Parker, f". (1'967) • Tbe Caves of, Ranges Cbuave, in Dis.trict of Eastern ...... ....,i[_ •.•••. Guinea. C .. fcatioesS ;{JCC,,!.S• Paper No. 2: White, J • Peter .( 1969). . Rock Paihting s from. the Strick land Highlen,h:s,, Ne' G\tinea.. f4_es G:tJif!e,a Seient. \ \ White, J. Petef aftd; White, t;:al.el (1,964). A Ne111 Frontier Rock Ar;t. !ft Papua.Neis. CU1i•a. News Nov 14, 77 Wilde, K. A. (1974)1t . Motes en Rock Art and Burial Caves of the !;UlaaanJL.Ol. Kwir:aigl valleya "the: Cbimbu District@ t;ttJ,qird. Caver l,(2)# 163-1 Wilde, K. A. (i• press-) oa. the Rock AJ!lt of Aibura Cave, Kaiaantu, Eastern of Papua Cmnea. Proc. 111th BteMii!l Sp9f!p. • .

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123 Despite the extensive areas of limestone and landscapes the Enga Province, this article is the first to describe from apart from a popular account Jens Bjerre11 s book ll.v ... a.Qem New .. Gu,J.n,sta a visit to a large cave that takes the Lagaip not far from couple of As my was mainly in of the existence of any cave explore"' to social outings, although a were while I was on patrol,. social outings I did not take any interest iri ce.ves that were more than a walk from or could not be inside on were vis! ted fiv:e y,ears ago As I do local names for e:md I can no longer recall many of the the caves, I shall refer to them by names of the vi 1 •. _s=a,..uandTa C @.!!• This is si Wabag road. It is about half an wey between the house and is obscured bush and can only be climbing up t.he face of a i.tn41"c'f'•i" a limestorm a.bout 10 m t.urns it emergS in a large cavern about 10 m wide and cavern upwards for 20 m to M>,.,. ........ , ... T from Kompian on the Kompiam at a point about half The entrancn and cave st1:aight into about 200 m fore of the A small. through the full length of the cave, and about half way alcng could be impassable during the wet season. About half way along there a small about 1 m high, and at this point the cave is sometimes blocked up bamboo poles ... debris from villagers• bat hunting expeditions. These can easily be removed to open up the passageway,. 2.t •. lrely;ap f:aYJl• This one can be reached by to the Irelya Lutheran Mission which is about 3 km from Wabag on the \IJapenamanda road. You then walk f'or about 1! hours south of the mission• that is, towards the mountains. The cave is mnall with two small entrances and a small central cavern with about three tunnels laiading .off., These rapidly narrow dotiJh to about 50 cm high and wide4t The bottom of ttm cavc;J is very muddy and all of the ceiling and decorations are covered in soot from the pi tpi t torches used for hunting bats • .. J'.....mi!ari Cav1.• This cave is situated about a half hour' s walk from the Lutheran Mission station. to Pawari you travel along the Wap1:mamandt then turn off and drive about 3 km down to Pawari. road h.; very steep and would not be passable two wheel ddve It is actually an river which starts from the base of a waterfall in a gorge, and then flows and about 1 fur * Vudal A c

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124 VOLUPIE 3 NUMBER 4 Nimimb River bed. the dry season the whole diverted into cave, but during the. wet fills up and part of the water flows cave outlet. This is the only amo,unt of water through the it, al though this be possible with good g1..11ui.t.1.1meie.w that is, YJ?Famanda Access road about 2 km on the Hagen pit (about 1 the sand pit you have an hour's walk off towards the limestone cliffs where a great slab of It is no more than 10 m hlide and at the to the ceiling. At the far small which there are a nu:rnoer 5, Raiakama Cave. This can be to the Raiakana Lutheran Plission than for about 15 minutes one can clearly a the cave itself but. have cave. The cave itself down on ropes cave with torch but went main savern. from the base and would not be end of the cliff there is a.very for anyone visiting the caves. there are caves which are full of attempt enter these the people initiation ceremoniee: did 6, Arumaadu Cav.e. This cliffs as the Raiakcma laves. It is is of special interest-in that it is entrance is situated abotlt 6 m The mummified body of. Taro, a man was fight leader, is believed to have been in the early 19s. Anyone visiting a look at the body, and to pay K1 to As well as the caves number of otheI,"s which villagers haUe Caves 7 and B. Small eaves near reported to have been used as refuges clan warfare.

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4 to be very large and Y'alis primary up a vary small be in * * * 0 E * * *

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• Right. A mummified body in Arumandu Cave Enga Province. (Photo by D. Miegel). Below Cone carst in the Kikori area Gulf Province (Photo by P N G Post-Courier)

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92 'l K6.50 S,goon 3-piece combination Aluminium alloy non-rusting 65t sat used condition . ] 1 f).i xi ! Good/used condition 13 X 13" x 4" l(6&50 as Plus 2 front Pockets Rings for Tying on new NlUGI I storing Size 26 K2.00, K2.50, 00 Good oondi tion Puggaree K6.501 Cotton Drill Shorts ••Gaz4! . anm-Used and New Sizes 24tt -Khaki, Navy, K1 .so, Kz.oo, 303 B As new with Scabb WithQut Scabbard RE.PIH PRICES QUOTED DO NOT INCLUDE POST.!\GE OR Al WRITE: AND ASK f'OR or OUR Dl ...

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NI UGI NI CA VER •. Box 71, RABAUL. NEW GUINEA. A•Y GREEN 'SMIRTS. GOOOCOIDITION 12" GERPIAN AND AP!ERICAN K4.SO .... 92 7131 •

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92 1263 AMRICAN Gl CAPS USEO K2o50 f"ORAGE CAPS NEW K11100 ARMY HATS 1ST GRADE K7 oSO 2ND GRADE K6.50 BARGE REPAIRS NEW F'OAM MATTRESSES 49 snx611 3x4" K48o50 21 6x6ll 3"x4" K31. 50 29 3"x3" K25e 50 PRINTED COTTON COVERS P "'O Ii> Ehl)< 71 , PAPUA NEW GUINEA. WEBBING AMERICAN ARrw 1 WHITE, NAVY KHAKI K2.50 F'ITS UP TO BATTLE DRESS JACKETS GOOD CONDITION NEW DENIM JACKETS OLIVE WITH BRASS BUTTONS K10 USED NAVY ORlLl KHAKI OR JUNGLE GREEN ZIP rRONT -Ks.oo SHOULDER 'PATCHES KIT BAGS WHITE: NEW K3o50 WHITE USED K2.75 JUNGl GREEN USED BUT GOOD KS.SO BROUIN 92 PILLOWS NEW FOAM K411150 STEEL BEDS 2'6 x GOOD USED CONDITION K27 -K30eOO PRINTED COVER

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132 NIU GIN I 4 B,ri tish, Expedi tione In O.ctober Roy Blackham and Jim f arnbforth joined the expedition to bring the contingent up to four = along n Englishmen straight out from Cngland, a and a Bulgarian. Tbe American cameraman pulled out after a month and in October Bulgarian, Petar Baron, who is a biologist, to do some collecting from other locations in P.N.G. and to attend an ecology conservation sympcuiitm1 in UJau. As we go to press (late November), some of the party have pulled out to Hagen and Moresby and the rest will out of Telafomini a few days(!) over but the shouting, as they saye of the will be returning to England dir-ectly while a few others will stay in the for the PNGCEG meet in the Chimbu alter Christmas-New = which is on by way, vague in the extremee bilong .... A bare bones of is given by Kevan _ ..... !. ....... so there is no need any moree trip has been aside from the hoped for new world record, the well worth waiting The logistics section alone thing like 9 DC3 charters from Hagen to incllitding a complete with the barrel! so"'emaking outfit Province0 In October His survey of 0 ld Cave is coming .......... ,, ... .a..... wiin1n1n visited J av ave re three slowly. The second trip was an intro• ductory one with 13 in returning. The third which they explored and bad a but none of the is particularly interested with Leigh Gleeson to the Art Gallery Cave sumps in it. Chimbu Prt-.ntincee J f'arnworth G in early October., After a hassle over payment, entrance was rigged. At this stage they discovered that their camp had been fearful of leav-ing the other member the party, Vermeulen, alone on the sarface, the descent was called off. They then spent "a most enjoyable full day in Irapui". Other caves in the area were not visited because of the tive cost. Leigh writes: tte•• the literature on this area as taken from Caver (Wilde J.1 J!!o) is very accurate and reliable and is thus a delight to work with". In November Petar Beren visited five caves looking for cave life. Three of the caves near Gogl.me Mission north of l
PAGE 30

NWGINI trips to the was suffi= in to doing soma m active stream cave an "-""'""'-''-••le to do a trip in s.ix stream sinks in for bush ago, but value <#IJ> shoes and to hear but beoatJ$9 some of the note for to hear N after

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man a A second cave a sea cavee It is with average dimensions sizes considerably onies along with my personal safety a snake "masalai" or ..... ., .. ,.,,. from the cave I regard Leigh Gleeson * the northwest end of New -., ''9UlJC&oa. •. • but interesting cawes near Meteran village coral limestone up to 20 m was near school at entrance leads through small passages pre a f'ew little This cave as bomb shelters dating the are t.uihappy about maps being made of give outsiders a of where the as trip to bat col= '1.tere aiixioas as to it was occupied by on re-emerging Another cave of is to be found midway alon.g track Villagers refer to a large sea e:ave although this was not verified (I! . As to a similar frequency coral reefs bordering the coast around most of the to the geological map no lim,estone occurs in the Tirpi tz Range much of the topagraphic on New Hanover and covers a.nu1jo,r it\I) Thus potential fo:r deep caves is not good. Nevertheless the coastal caves are worth exploring. Editorial note. Umbukul. Near Hau Vi said that there is salt •..• e.>toa1ro• associated with the caveli) enter because he has the to entere thl:l"OO!Qh' cave called Sila reported at reported by Villagers. It is eeiaw$ec:1. ---"'-it inside. Legends are the owner Lam.lam for permission to without which 1 t is impossible Makada is one of the islands that lie& between New Bri ta.in and NettJi ........ ,,,._._"',u'..... ... the presence of at least one small btit 1nt:'.e:t'.est1.f:\fi elevated 11-estone behind Nagail Village orf tba no:rttiwest . A 2 m entrance gives way to a 10 m corridor Sane 10 iA diameter and 1.s m high. Th.is chamber 50 animals when visited in September, 1975e Other \lery small sea eaves were in vicinity. Villagers did not report any other eaves when Sandy Bay_. * * *

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4 1$1 Box Rick is .., ....... ..,, .......... local Access is via It is 8 km

PAGE 33

NIUGINI walking for about twenty five along this one arrives the mouth of the Haga8 rintega is situated in a small km:1ll the west of the The cave is not visible from the track as undergrm.1.•th comprising mainly its entrance is hidden in a thicket of wild cane interspersed with Read 975) called this c;ave "The Tomb0 ' The cave h.as a small down a slight incline to the ma.in cavern. from there a tunnel the hill, in all a distance of perhaps 37=4.5 me At the end and behind a small man made stone wall, lies the skeleton man named Katimaria who probably died and was interned there Ce chose this as his last resting place before his deathG Shreds cover his mouldering bones and nearby are two enamel plates, a spoon and a whisky b full of salt, which tcJould have belonged to him in There are -two o.ther caves in the other, Nama9 joga. Very brief a Kainantu patrol report during Jif;.f.j:J:?EJJCE Read, Ke (1975)e Two Caver l,(2): Caves near Corner Ah Chee Avenue & one named Kergke.,n,g_' pinka ANfJ caves near Kega was made in Highlands District. (Advertisement) Street, Phone 92 1446 MANUf'ACTURCRS or AWNINGS, n:NTS, CANOPIES, PLASTICS AND GOODS, RAINWEAR ANO SHOtdER CtJRTAINS, DOMESTIC AND COMMERCIAL UPHOLSTERY CANVAS = RUCKSACKS, TENTS ETC. (COATS AND TROUStRS) f'ICATION (WITH/WITHOUT Tough and ideal fo,r .. bush weax:! ANY SLEEVES) =

PAGE 34

Halfway rmrrow cleft successful so route is usually A ft,ex 35 m a ""'.,.,, ........... .... a 18 km here and a

PAGE 35

main river strean a low to A lll heree a chamber which fall direction(> with a of This is the forma.tiono leads through a but Hera the river ::> join and other not negotiable0 4 goes

PAGE 36

NlUGINI e.;AVER VOLUME 3 NUP'IBE.R 4 NENOUMA CA\/, Borumai Village, Bougainville Island Grade IV 9-5-71 Drata1ns P. Rob ert1:nn Survey Parties: 6,, Dodd, H. Meier, N" Newland, P. Robertson, R. Wilson, P. Botaman, .. > ... R. Romeril, P. Hawkes. . ----II 91A'; .. i:,.0o6 138A ';;;. . I

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3 NUl'18ER 4 A part of to flash It is not a cave and access is .:t s apprr,,ximately 1500 mQ The cave has so far B and Ve Hjll (n.d.,) Conzinc Riotinto Extract of Letter from Peter Robbie in 71/4# 20 e Peter (1971 a). In.cidents and Explorations at xdne;g aael.$ 1.(10): (1971b). Boroma:ti Cave, BougainvillELe say Services Oc Borumai. Unpuble H(!) Gallasch * ' . N27 e lockabor Burial Cave El The entrance is situated in a coralline lime-stone cliff abutting tbe beach about 1 km sotsth of Resese Village.and is 15 m inland from the hi.gh marko The narrobf entrance passage a small rocim on right and at 20 m opens into a wider (10-20 but low chamberc The roof is not more tharl 160 cm above floor level. The chamber is in shape bfith a level silt floore There are five enclaves partially by stalactites and columnse Wi thiR tbese the bodies have been deposited" more recent burials, coffins have been used and these have been constructed of rough sawn boxest galvanized iron and in one a sawn off canoeo The remnants of six coffins are visible, usually little more than an outline of rotted fidOOde Unlike most burial caves on New l reland where random bones are all that lockabor complete skeletons in the position were laid to rest, althOtfgh many of the bones are crumbling to dust. The place is D tambu9 to the vi1lagers41 Burials, usually of older important have continued in the cave until only a few years ago and are being limited by the cost of the p of buried there o $ : 193-205e) !139 Lemetura Ca!,!;111_ This is near the Cave 4) (iee9f Moramon Cave), being only 3 m from the east coast road and around 500 m north of The entrance is an opening near the roof of a circular chamber about 1 O m across e A somewhat difficult climb down the side leads to a which half circles the chammidway and opposite the entrance leads to a going into the mountain 10 m the passage in a small chamber profusely decorated with drip-stone decorations with boles continuing downwardse This small cave is noted for two things, the tbick mud on the floor and the beautiful belicti te and straw f'ormationa in enclaves Bear the main cbamber4> Another cavet Kororeda., was reported soma minutes, walk tip the motmteill'1 from floramon Caveq, 1-

PAGE 38

ized returned for the was a the , soon After inspecting we decided we had but had been asked 4 a N

PAGE 39

NIUGINI 3 4 The North B aining Mountains are southwest thology of the :regionsconsists of approximately 600 of tertiary elastic However the less than on the north by volcanics and south and east by an Maximllim elevation the area is 1 m 1973) effective cave depth potential for most of the area is consldarab thist even though the limestone is continuous sea levele This report refers to a three day to the area "alasaet Village and baas to spend five days principally at about t and Wilanbimbi Villages (see e Chris Borough and reported respectable looking shafts in this any entrances orough, 1963). Unfortunately not firstly the lack of unreliable time 13th September, 1975t we set at least during "".11.'JIWICll\M! by a track traverses hours from e The track kunai gradually, occasionally stone streambeds tdhoae waters issue from many ridgee \de do not whether .,.....,.,,,..,,IC! by Jim to check one these continued inspectione A.n hour after leaving G alavi t an ourselves in the forest proper but still on a The track continued to cross streams and ob!e distances until they disappeared at m Three hours G under the overhang of a huge limestone block present at this level0 Unfortunately one hour free flowil!lg water we were to see another a plastic sheet tbat evening\1) Next day we set off water Within i hour Jim had a small on the right hand side of the track. fle checked it and found it by sticky mud after 6 .mo Just on sighted a second, also on northwest side of the tracke It tagged with the number SA1G Initial prospects looked good with a 16 m entrance pitch with 1 m on it was feund to mud on a several hundred metres of this.point four more 0 We soon recognized that we were on a series of 'i"'""''""'lf'•"',,,."""' obviously very favourable for the development of shafts*

PAGE 40

,. ..?.. It,: w t.(}:i

PAGE 41

t

PAGE 42

ficanto He is a loner who ably n a is than everyone slow and steady one of his most Phosforiam to have found known South Americae places. cavers on cave engravings or has visited first

PAGE 43

• • Suppliers of Cave, Bush, Snow, Ice, Rock, Canoe, Orienteering & Cross Country Ski Gear. Mail orders supplied interstate or overseas. Please send SOc for Catalogue. Hardware Street, Melbourne, phone (303) 67 3354


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