A Reassessment of Red Linear Pictographs in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of Texas

Citation

Material Information

Title:
A Reassessment of Red Linear Pictographs in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of Texas
Series Title:
American Antiquity
Creator:
E. Boyd, Carolyn
M. Castañeda, Amanda
W. Koenig, Charles
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Red Linear ( local )
Lower Pecos Canyonlands ( local )
Texas ( local )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )

Notes

Abstract:
Red Linear is one of four presently defined prehistoric pictograph styles in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands of southwest Texas and Coahuila, Mexico. Based on interpretation of images and two experimental radiocarbon dates, the style was presumed to have been brought into the region by intrusive bison hunters around 1280 B.P. This would place production of Red Linear after the large, polychromatic Pecos River style paintings (4200–2750 B.P.). However, during a recent rock art recording project we identified Red Linear overlain by presumed older Pecos River style. This prompted our re-examination of Red Linear through analysis of 444 figures from 12 sites. We produced a list of diagnostic attributes for Red Linear and documented stratigraphie relationships through macro- and microscopic field analysis. We identified 38 examples of Red Linear under Pecos River figures, thus inverting the relative chronology for the two styles and forcing a reconsideration of previous assumptions regarding the culture that produced the art. This paper demonstrates the potential afforded by analysis of rock art assemblages to reveal inter- and intrasite patterning of attributes and provide insight into relative chronologies. Further, it cautions against the use of variation in artistic style as a marker for ethnicity.
Original Version:
American Antiquity, Vol. 78, no. 3 (2013-07-01).

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University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
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This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.

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